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Tags: dark flow | gambling | kentucky derby

Slot Machines Seduce, Then Entrap

slot machines


By    |   Wednesday, 14 August 2019 05:45 PM EDT

Your Gambling Addiction Relates to Your Mood 

My travel schedule often involves hitting the road before 3:00 am in order to beat the traffic. Although the highways are empty, establishments along the way are not. If I stop for coffee at a casino, in contrast to the deserted neighborhood outside, I step into a brightly lit, crowded room full of people from all walks of life.

Upbeat music competes with the bells and whistles of the slots, but no one seems to notice. Nor do they notice each other; they are alone together, fixated on their own personal screens, watching the flashing lights and blur of brightly colored fruits, dollar signs, and other objects spin around during concurrent, personal games of chance.

What are they doing here in the middle of the night, away from their families? Research provides a potential answer; and it has nothing to do with money.

Gambling and Socializing

One of the many social and leisure activities available to the general public is gambling. Some forms of gambling involve socializing, evidenced by the buzz of excitement in workplace hallways and break rooms when the Powerball Jackpot comes around, as employees rush to contribute their one dollar to the growing pool of money. In other venues, sports lovers get together to place bets on players and teams, motivated by their genuine love of the game.

Many public events mix gambling with entertainment. With horseracing, for example, Opening Day at the Races features the most outrageous hat contest, Mint Juleps steal the show at the Kentucky Derby, and accordingly, for many attendees, the focus is on mingling instead of gambling.

Even in casinos, many players like the social aspect of sitting at a poker or craps table where they can meet other people, and potential to win money is only one of the perks. For others, however, gambling is addictive. Some have a mistaken belief that they are actually going to hit the jackpot. Others are not focused on money, but improving their mood.

Self-Medicating Slots: Entertainment or Escape? 

Slot machines are often displayed as bright, shiny objects. Similar to video games, they feature creative, trendy themes, bright colors, flashing lights, and a combination of sights and sounds designed to lure potential customers.

Appropriately, Mike J. Dixon et al. (2019), in conducting research into gambling as a form of escape, began by noting the allure of slot machine play as a form of entertainment. Unlike slower games such as lotteries, slot machine payoffs (when they occur) are immediate, often accompanied by attention-grabbing music and high tech animations. In addition, slot machines are by nature unpredictable—due to what the authors refer to as a "variable-ratio reinforcement schedule."

They focused on players who entered the "slot machine zone," a state of absorption during which the game dominates their awareness, causing time to pass by without notice, a state many players find extremely pleasurable. Unfortunately for some, however, despite the similarity to the concept of "flow" in positive psychology, slot machine-induced flow often leads to negative consequences — in terms of time management and monetary loss.

Depression and Dark Flow

Dixon et al. describe the phenomenon of becoming totally engrossed in playing slots, forgetting everything else in their lives, as a state known as "dark flow." They note this state of absorption often leads to "dark" consequences such as spending more money than planned.

Yet dark flow itself was linked with positive affect while playing.

Studying 129 gamblers, Dixon et al. (ibid.) discovered that mindfulness problems unrelated to gambling were positively linked with problem gambling, depression, and dark flow while gambling. Specifically for people reporting significant symptoms of depression in daily life, dark flow produced increased positive affect while playing, thus explaining the seduction of slot machines as a means of escape. Accordingly, gambling problems were predicted by the combined effect of depression and dark flow.

Are There Healthy Alternatives?

If you find yourself sitting alone at a casino in the middle of the night amidst a room full of strangers, this research can spark an examination between your motivation and mood. Because for some people, playing slots is more about escape than entertainment, seeking help for underlying symptoms is in order. If you do in fact suffer from depression, consider the variety of alternative outlets and healthier options, designed to enable you to improve your mood, spend your time with your loved ones, and save your money.

This article was first published in Psychology Today.

Wendy L. Patrick is a career prosecutor, named the Ronald M. George Public Lawyer of the Year, and recognized by her peers as one of the Top Ten criminal attorneys in San Diego by the San Diego Daily Transcript. She has completed over 150 trials ranging from human trafficking, to domestic violence, to first-degree murder. She is President of the Association of Threat Assessment Professionals San Diego Chapter and an ATAP Certified Threat Manager. Dr. Patrick is a frequent media commentator with over 4,000 appearances including CNN, Fox News Channel, Newsmax, and many others. She is author of "Red Flags" (St. Martin´s Press), and co-author of the revised version of the New York Times bestseller "Reading People" (Random House). On a personal note, Dr. Patrick holds a purple belt in Shorin-Ryu karate, is a concert violinist with the La Jolla Symphony, and plays the electric violin with a rock band. To read more of her reports — Click Here Now.

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In casinos, many players like the social aspect of sitting at a poker or craps table where they can meet other people, and potential to win money is only one of the perks. For others, however, gambling is addictive. Some have a mistaken belief that they are actually going to win.
dark flow, gambling, kentucky derby
Wednesday, 14 August 2019 05:45 PM
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