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Prostate Cancer: Early Signs and Symptoms

Thursday, 01 May 2014 11:09 PM

The prostate gland enlarges in males as age advances. This enlargement is known as benign prostate hyperplasia. Benign enlargement, inflammation, and cancer are among most common conditions affecting this gland. A benign enlargement of prostate condition is very different from prostate cancer but the signs and symptoms of both are similar.

Prostate cancer is a concern for men worldwide. The prevalence of prostate cancer is rising universally. Approximately 133.7 cases of prostate cancer are seen per 100,000 men in the U.K.
There are no early signs and symptoms of prostate cancer. Most signs and symptoms encountered are due to enlargement of the prostate gland rather than caused by prostate cancer.
The signs and symptoms appear as the enlarged gland puts pressure over the urethra and restricts the normal flow of urine. These signs and symptoms are confirmed with some prostate cancer marker tests to confirm the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
  • Inability to control the urge of urination is one of the early signs of prostate cancer. A sense of incomplete emptying of urine is often among common signs and symptoms of prostate cancer.
  • Another early symptom is difficulty in passing urine, and may include straining and dribbling.
  • Sometimes, weight loss in elderly people is an early sign of prostate cancer.
  • Rarely, passing blood in urine is among other early signs and symptoms of prostate cancer. Many times, the signs and symptoms in early stages of the disease go unrecognized and the cancer starts spreading to nearby structures.
  • Pain while passing urine and passing blood in urine are two rare signs and symptoms of a cancer affecting the prostate.
  • It is advisable to conduct digital rectal examinations and prostate specific antigen test in the elderly to diagnose the presence of cancer in early stages. Difficulty in penile erection is also sometimes among early signs of a cancer in the prostate gland.

Most of the time, this cancer has a very slow rate of progress or spread, and there is no need of intervention in the early stages. If the prostate cancer shows aggressiveness and the nearby structures are at a risk of being affected, emergency management is considered.
Radiation therapy and surgery are mainly effective for managing prostate cancer. The choices of treatment in prostate cancer depend upon the age of the sufferer, stage of cancer, and aggressiveness of the cancer. Some medicines that stop the growth of the gland are also prescribed to counter this problem.

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Prostate cancer incidence is increasing among elderly males. There are generally no early signs and symptoms and the disease is diagnosed when nearby organs are affected.
symptoms, prostate cancer, signs, early
Thursday, 01 May 2014 11:09 PM
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