Tags: disease | death | rates | us

3 Diseases Cause Half of US Deaths

By    |   Tuesday, 14 Oct 2014 05:13 PM

The Ebola outbreak may be on everyone’s minds today. But a new analysis of U.S. mortality rates shows that the top 10 causes of death account for nearly 75 percent of all deaths, while the top three causes account for more than half.

The findings, compiled by Medical News Today, also show that the main culprits have remained relatively consistent for the last five years.

The most recent data reveal that annually there are more than 2.5 million deaths registered in the U.S. each year — nearly evenly divided among men and women — with life expectancy at birth of about 78.7 years. The top 10 leading causes:
 
No 1: Heart disease. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death for men and women in the U.S. and worldwide. Coronary artery disease costs the US $108.9 billion each year and is the most common type of heart disease.
  • Deaths: 596,577
  • Males: 308,398
  • Females: 288,179
No. 2: Cancer. Cancer affects men and woman of all ages, races and ethnicities. The National Institutes of Health estimate the total annual costs of cancer are $216.6 billion: $86.6 billion for direct medical costs and $130.0 billion for indirect mortality costs.
  • Deaths: 576,691
  • Males: 302,231
No. 3: Chronic lower respiratory disease. This disease is a collection of lung conditions that cause airflow blockage and breathing-related issues, including primarily chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) but also bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma.
  • Deaths: 142,943
  • Males: 67,521
  • Females: 75,422
No. 4: Stroke.  Cerebrovascular diseases are conditions that develop as a result of problems with the blood vessels that supply the brain. Four of the most common types of cerebrovascular disease are stroke, transient ischemic attack, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and vascular dementia.
  • Deaths: 128,932
  • Males: 52,335
  • Females: 76,597
No. 5: Accidents. Unintentional injuries, including accidents, are the leading cause of death for those under the age of 44. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration says that automobile crashes alone have an annual price tag of $871 billion in economic loss and social harm, with speeding accounting for $210 billion of that figure.
  • Deaths: 126,438
  • Males: 79,257
  • Females: 47,181
No. 6: Alzheimer's disease. Dementia includes diseases and conditions characterized by a decline in memory or other thinking skills that affect a person's ability to perform everyday activities. It is caused by damage to nerve cells in the brain that leaves them unable to function, which can lead to changes in memory, behavior, and the ability to think clearly.
  • Deaths: 84,974
  • Males: 25,677
  • Females: 59,297
No 7: Diabetes. This metabolic disorder causes blood glucose levels to rise above normal. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When a person has diabetes, the body either does not make enough insulin or cannot use insulin as well as it should. This causes sugar to build up in the blood.
  • Deaths: 73,831
  • Males: 38,324
  • Females: 35,507
No 8: Influenza and pneumonia. Influenza is a highly contagious viral infection that is spread easily from person to person, usually when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Pneumonia can have more than 30 different causes, including various chemicals, bacteria, viruses, and other infectious agents. Together, pneumonia and influenza cost the US economy more than $40.2 billion a year in medical costs and time lost from work.
  • Deaths: 53,826
  • Males: 25,401
  • Females: 28,425
No. 9: Kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease is a condition in which the kidneys are damaged and cannot filter blood as well as healthy kidneys. Because of this, waste from the blood remains in the body and may cause other health problems. The disease is widespread and costly, costing Medicare upward of $41 billion annually.
  • Deaths: 45,591
  • Males: 22,649
  • Females: 22,942
No. 10: Suicide. According to federal statistics, suicide results in an estimated $34.6 billion loss in combined medical and work costs.
  • Deaths: 39,518
  • Males: 31,003
  • Females: 8,515

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A new analysis of U.S. mortality rates shows that the top 10 causes of death account for nearly 75 percent of all deaths, while the top three causes account for more than half.
disease, death, rates, us
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2014-13-14
Tuesday, 14 Oct 2014 05:13 PM
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