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Spacecraft Sails by Pluto, Capping 9-Year Journey

Tuesday, 14 July 2015 09:17 PM


NASA's New Horizons survived its historic flyby of Pluto, the US space agency said Tuesday after receiving a long-awaited signal from the spacecraft that it was still intact.


"We have a healthy spacecraft," said mission operations manager Alice Bowman, confirming that contact had been made with the spacecraft after a journey of three billion miles (4.8 billion kilometers).

"We are outbound from Pluto."

Applause broke out periodically in mission control as reports came in from engineers that the spacecraft hardware was healthy and was communicating as planned during its "phone-home" signal.

Moving faster than any spacecraft ever built, at a speed of about 30,800 miles per hour, the nuclear-powered New Horizons reached the climax of its decade-long mission some 13 hours earlier when it whizzed by Pluto.

But even a rice-sized piece of space debris could have destroyed the $700 million spacecraft and its seven science instruments.

NASA had estimated the chance of losing the spacecraft to a debris strike at one in 10,000.

Earlier Story:

A U.S. spacecraft sailed past the tiny planet Pluto in the most distant reaches of the solar system on Tuesday, capping a journey of 3 billion miles (4.88 billion km) that began nine and a half years ago.

NASA's New Horizons spacecraft passed by the ice-and-rock planetoid and its entourage of five moons at 7:49 a.m. Eastern (1149 GMT). The event culminated an initiative to explore the solar system that the space agency embarked upon more than 50 years ago.

"It's truly a mark in human history," John Grunsfeld, NASA's associate administrator for science, said from the mission control center at Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory outside Baltimore.

New Horizons was expected to continue observing Pluto for several hours after it made its closest approach to the unexplored world, coming within 7,750 miles (12,472 km) of the sphere. While the observations are underway, New Horizons was in radio blackout, so confirmation that it completed its mission will not come until around 9 p.m. on Tuesday.

"We programmed it to be spending its time taking data that it can only take today," lead researcher Alan Stern told reporters after the fly-by.

The diminutive spacecraft, which is about the size of a piano, is not equipped with the propellant needed to brake and slip into orbit around Pluto. Like NASA's Voyagers and sister predecessor exploratory spacecraft, New Horizons was designed to conduct its survey on the fly.

Managers estimate there is a 1-in-10,000 chance that a debris strike could destroy New Horizons as it traverses the Pluto system.

"I am feeling a little bit nervous, but I have absolute confidence that it's going to do what it needs to do to collect science and it's going to turn around and ... tell us that it's OK," said Alice Bowman, the mission operations manager.

With 99 percent of the data gathered about Pluto still on the spaceship, its survival is critical to the mission.

Already, the trickle of images and measurements coming from New Horizons has changed scientists' understanding of Pluto. Once considered an icy, dead world, the planetoid has yielded signs of geological activity, with evidence of past and possibly present-day tectonics, or movements of its crust.

"This is clearly a world where both geology and atmosphere climatology play a role," Stern said.

Pluto circles the sun every 248 years in a highly tilted orbit that creates radical changes from season to season. Pluto travels closer to the sun than the orbit of Neptune before it cycles back into the solar system's deep freeze more than 40 times farther away than Earth.

Scientists have many questions about Pluto, which was still considered the solar system's ninth planet when New Horizons was launched in 2006. Pluto was reclassified as a "dwarf planet" after the discovery of other Pluto-like spheres orbiting in the Kuiper Belt, the region beyond the eighth planet, Neptune.

The objects are believed to be remnants from the formation of the solar system 4.6 billion years ago.

It will take about 16 months for New Horizons to transmit back all the images and measurements taken during its pass by Pluto. By then, the spacecraft will have traveled even deeper into the Kuiper Belt, heading for a possible follow-on mission to one of Pluto's cousins.

© 2018 Thomson/Reuters. All rights reserved.

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A U.S. spacecraft sailed past the tiny planet Pluto in the most distant reaches of the solar system on Tuesday, capping a journey of 3 billion miles (4.88 billion km) that began nine and a half years ago. NASA's New Horizons spacecraft passed by the ice-and-rock planetoid...
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Tuesday, 14 July 2015 09:17 PM
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