Tags: Thyroid Disorders | thyroid | menstrual cycle

Thyroid and Menstrual Cycle: What You Need to Know

By    |   Tuesday, 01 Mar 2016 05:42 PM

The thyroid gland acts as a control center for many bodily functions. When the thyroid is not functioning properly, the menstrual cycle and reproductive health are affected.

The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the throat and is part of the endocrine system. Thyroid disorders occur when the thyroid produces too much hormone (hyperthyroidism) or too little hormone (hypothyroidism). In either case, a host of irregularities in the menstrual cycle can result, according to the Department of U.S. Health and Human Services, Office on Women’s Health.

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Thyroid Awareness says that beyond menstrual cycle irregularities, women with thyroid disorders can have trouble getting pregnant and carrying a baby to term. They go on to say that thyroid disease can be behind ovulation problems as well. It is even possible to have a normal menstrual period in the absence of ovulation. Because thyroid disorders are a common endocrine disorder in women of childbearing age, they should be considered as a possible cause for women who are having difficulty getting pregnant.

An overactive thyroid gland speeds up metabolism and, with regard to the menstrual cycle, can result in either very light periods or missed periods, says the Office on Women’s Health. According to Cycle Harmony, an underactive thyroid, or hypothyroidism, can result in heavier than usual menstrual bleeding, more frequent, and sometimes painful periods.

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Thyroid disease often goes undetected in premenopausal or menopausal women, says the American Academy of Clinical Endocrinologists. Symptoms of menopause and hypothyroidism overlap, and millions of women who continue to have unresolved symptoms of menopause like fatigue, weight gain, depression, menstrual cycle irregularities, and mood swings may actually have a thyroid disorder lurking in the background.

Because thyroid disorders have such far-reaching effects on many aspects of health, including the menstrual cycle, it is important to understand the symptoms. If you have medical issues that persist despite conventional treatments, you should discuss thyroid testing with your physician to determine if your thyroid gland could be the underlying cause.

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The thyroid gland acts as a control center for many bodily functions. When the thyroid is not functioning properly, the menstrual cycle and reproductive health are affected.
thyroid, menstrual cycle
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2016-42-01
Tuesday, 01 Mar 2016 05:42 PM
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