Tags: Arthritis | reiters syndrome | reactive arthritis | causes

Reiter's Syndrome: What Causes Reactive Arthritis?

By    |   Thursday, 15 October 2015 05:17 PM

Reiter's syndrome, a type of reactive arthritis, causes pain in a person’s joints due to an infection in another part of their body.

Most frequently, the infection occurs in the urinary tract, genitals, or intestines, according to the Mayo Clinic. Knees, ankles, and feet typically become the targets of the arthritis, and the eyes and urethra can become inflamed as well.

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Reiter's syndrome is not a chronic disease, lasting up to 12 months with symptoms appearing and disappearing.

The infection is most often a result of sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia, or bacteria on food, such as salmonella, Healthline notes. While STDs are contagious, reactive arthritis is not.

Though more commonly caused by bacteria, reactive arthritis may result from a virus, including the flu, HIV, and Parvovirus, according to About Reactive Arthritis.

The infection distorts the body’s immune protection and genetic environment, causing inflammation. The exact way in which reactive arthritis forms differs between people.

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Symptoms include joint pain, redness, swelling, and lesions on palms, soles of the feet, and genitals. Antibiotics and painkillers may be prescribed to treat the effects of the disease, according to Healthline.

Though reactive arthritis can develop in anyone who gets such infections, it is most common in men under the age of 40. The presence of a certain gene seems to increase the risk, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine.

In addition to join pain, conjunctivitis or noninfectious urethritis may occur.

Hans Reiter described the disease in 1916 after experiencing it himself. Notions of the disease, however, predate Reiter’s recordings, which is one reason it is no longer named after him and most commonly called reactive arthritis.

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Reiter's syndrome, a type of reactive arthritis, causes pain in a person's joints due to an infection in another part of their body.
reiters syndrome, reactive arthritis, causes
Thursday, 15 October 2015 05:17 PM
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