Protecting the environment has become a topic of interest which led to the creation of two new terms, Christian environmentalism and ecotheology. With the threat of environmental change, religious ethicists and scholars are encouraging their denominations to become more proactive in preserving the environment with the core belief that man is the ward of the Earth. Eight Christian denominations are among those with the most liberal views on the environment.
1. Catholic Church
The Vatican has deemed pollution a deadly sin and the center of the Catholic faith have made great strides in its commitment to become carbon neutral. According to Deacon Keith Fournier, on catholic.org, "The Catholic Church has been green for a lot longer than any modern environmental movement.
We are called to what I call a relational environmentalism; one of stewardship with the earth which God has made and entrusted to us to care for and to share."
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2. Calvinist Faith
John Calvin, founder of the Calvinist faith, interpreted dominion of the man's Earth to include a "responsible care and keeping that does not neglect, injure, abuse … or ruin the Earth." Reflecting the views of the Catholics, the Calvinist urge followers to practice principles of going green.
3. Evangelical Church
Christian ethicist Susan Bratton summarized the Evangelical view stating "The Earth is the Lord's and all it contains." On the 45th anniversary of Earth Day, April 22, 2015, the National Association of Evangelicals (NAE) released results from its survey that focused on the government's role in cleaning up the environment. Up to 96 percent of United States evangelical leaders support government initiatives to clean up air and water, according to the March Evangelical Leaders Survey.
4. Church of Christ
The Church of Christ has created the Eco-Justice Working System. Among their topics for sermons are "What would Jesus Drive." The denomination partnered with the Catholic Church and Evangelicals to form the EJWS.
5. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints teach the beliefs of early church elder Brigham Young who taught strong environmental ethics. Their church doctrine states "We learn respect and humility when we work with nature and not against it. It allows us to see the works of God that bear testimony of Him."
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6. Protestant Faith
The Protestant faith is making strides to reduce the carbon footprint of its members. More than 60 percent of Protestant pastors say their church has an active recycling program.
7. Southern Baptist
Members of the Southern Baptist denomination have created the Southern Baptist Environment and Climate initiative to advocate the care of the environment.
8. Episcopal Church
The Episcopalian denomination was one of four that created the Eco-Justice Ministries to heal, defend and work toward justice for all God's creation.
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