×
Newsmax TV & Webwww.newsmax.comFREE - In Google Play
VIEW
×
Newsmax TV & Webwww.newsmax.comFREE - On the App Store
VIEW
Skip to main content
Tags: woodrow wilson | accomplishments | failures

Woodrow Wilson: Accomplishments, Failures That Shaped President's Legacy

Woodrow Wilson: Accomplishments, Failures That Shaped President's Legacy
Woodrow Wilson (1856 - 1924), the 28th President of the United States of America (1913 - 1921). (Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

By    |   Sunday, 07 September 2014 04:35 PM

During his two terms in office from 1913-21, President Woodrow Wilson had many significant accomplishments and failures, presiding over a time of sweeping progressive changes and war.

Some of his notable successes included the ratification of the 17th Amendment, which gave power to the people in their respective states to elect their senators. They had previously been selected by state legislatures, as spelled out in Constitution.

How Do You Rate Wilson Among American Presidents? You Can Vote in Newsmax’s Presidential Survey – Click Here Now

Wilson tackled three primary reforms on business, tariffs, and banking, as he had promised during his 1912 run for president. These became known as the "New Freedom." The fruits of those efforts were the passage of the Federal Trade Act, the Underwood Tariff Act, and the creation of the Federal Reserve System, which created a U.S. central banking system and allowed the government to issue Federal Reserve Notes as legal tender.

Mother's Day became a national holiday in May 1914, after the U.S. Congress passed a law declaring the second Sunday in May as the special day. The next day, Wilson issued an edict for the first national Mother's Day.

In his second term, Wilson paved the way for social reforms. These included the passage of the 18th constitutional amendment, which began a 14-year period from 1920-33 that prohibited the manufacture, storage, transportation, and sale of alcohol, known as Prohibition. He actually attempted to veto the Act, but was overruled by Congress.

Who Is Your Favorite President? You Can Vote in Newsmax’s Presidential Survey – Click Here Now

He also signed the 19th amendment that granted women the right to vote, and supported immigration rights. To that end, he vetoed a law that required a literacy test for immigrants and banned certain Asiatic workers. He was again overruled by Congress via a two-thirds majority.

Other legislative victories included the establishment of a Federal Trade Commission to stop unfair business practices. Another prohibited child labor and yet another specified that railroad workers work no more than eight hours a day.

Those accomplishments, plus the slogan "he kept us out of war," earned Wilson a narrow re-election, but he wasn't able to keep that promise. He concluded that America could no longer stay neutral and asked Congress for a declaration of war on Germany.

America's entrance into World War I gradually turned the tide for the Allies. Wilson appeared before Congress in January 1918 to lay out his 14 Points, the last of which would establish "a general association of nations ... affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike," according to WhiteHouse.gov.

The Germans signed the Armistice in November 1918, and Wilson travelled to Paris in hopes of forging a lasting peace. Unfortunately for Wilson, the 1918 election had given Republicans control of Congress. The Versailles Treaty failed in the Senate by seven votes.

Wilson or Obama: Who Is The Better President? Vote in Newsmax’s Presidential Survey – Click Here Now

© 2022 Newsmax. All rights reserved.


FastFeatures
During his two terms in office from 1913-21, President Woodrow Wilson had many significant accomplishments and failures, presiding over a time of sweeping progressive changes and war.
woodrow wilson, accomplishments, failures
502
2014-35-07
Sunday, 07 September 2014 04:35 PM
Newsmax Media, Inc.

PLEASE NOTE: All information presented on Newsmax.com is for informational purposes only. It is not specific medical advice for any individual. All answers to reader questions are provided for informational purposes only. All information presented on our websites should not be construed as medical consultation or instruction. You should take no action solely on the basis of this publication’s contents. Readers are advised to consult a health professional about any issue regarding their health and well-being. While the information found on our websites is believed to be sensible and accurate based on the author’s best judgment, readers who fail to seek counsel from appropriate health professionals assume risk of any potential ill effects. The opinions expressed in Newsmaxhealth.com and Newsmax.com do not necessarily reflect those of Newsmax Media. Please note that this advice is generic and not specific to any individual. You should consult with your doctor before undertaking any medical or nutritional course of action.

 
TOP

Newsmax, Moneynews, Newsmax Health, and Independent. American. are registered trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc. Newsmax TV, and Newsmax World are trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc.

NEWSMAX.COM
America's News Page
© Newsmax Media, Inc.
All Rights Reserved
Download the NewsmaxTV App
NEWSMAX.COM
America's News Page
© Newsmax Media, Inc.
All Rights Reserved