Schizoid Personality Disorder: Top Five Symptoms

Wednesday, 03 Nov 2010 09:08 AM

  Comment  |
   Contact  |
  Print  
|  A   A  
  Copy Shortlink
Schizoid personality disorder is not the same as schizophrenia, though they share a few symptoms. It is found that people with schizoid personality disorder tend to function better than people with schizophrenia. Individuals with schizoid personality disorder symptoms do not experience “disconnection from reality,” which is a characteristic of schizophrenia.
 
The top five schizoid personality disorder symptoms are:
  1. Appearing distant and detached
  2. Appearing dull and humorless
  3. Engaging in excessive daydreaming including creating vivid fantasies of complex inner lives
  4. Not wanting and avoiding close relationships, including those with family
  5. Being indifferent to praise or criticism and exhibiting little observable change in mood
People suffering from schizoid personality disorder are not depressed, but indifferent. They do not show emotions of happiness, anger, or sorrow. This limits others from understanding what is going on inside their minds. Usually preferring to be followers rather than leaders in group situations, schizoid personality disorder patients underperform at school and work. Most comfortable on their own, these patients engage in solitary pursuits. Some may even become peripherally involved in fads, philosophical movements, and so on. Research indicates that such individuals may have little interest in forming sexual relations with others and may be found living with parents even as adults. In short, the disorder is marked by emotional coldness, detachment, and long-term social withdrawal.
 
A formal diagnosis of schizoid personality disorder can be made by psychiatrists and mental health professionals. A clinician has to make precise personality disorder diagnosis to differentiate schizoid personality disorder symptoms from disorders showing near-identical or similar symptoms. These disorders could include schizophrenia and mood disorder with psychotic features, autism and/or asperger's, avoidant, paranoid, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, and symptoms related to chronic substance use.

American psychologist Theodore Millon contends that this disorder has four sub-types, with an individual exhibiting none or one of the following: languid (with depressive aspects), remote (with avoidant, schizotypal characteristics), depersonalized (with schizotypal characteristics), and affectless (with compulsive characteristics).
 
According to schizoid disorder case studies, other personality disorders (e.g., schizotypal, paranoid, avoidant) can exist along with schizoid personality disorder symptoms. There is also an increased risk for such patients to develop a major depressive disorder. Although researchers have postulated a number of theories, schizoid disorder causes remain unknown.

Genetic and environmental factors both come into play for schizoid personality disorder. Some mental health professionals speculate that a bleak childhood lacking in warmth and emotion contributes to this disorder’s development.
 
Some schizoid disorder case studies suggest patients may be unable to respond to normal social cues, making them inept at initiating or maintaining relationships. The literature does indicate a slightly increased rate of schizoid personality disorder among first-degree relatives of schizophrenia or schizotypal personality disorder patients. However, the familial pattern link remains ambiguous.
 
Many researchers contend that schizoid disorder signs typically appear in adolescence or late childhood. Others maintain that the onset is in early childhood with some schizoid personality disorder symptoms appearing in childhood, continuing through adolescence, and into early adulthood.

The defining schizoid personality disorder symptom is the desire for social isolation. This is usually in conjunction with a diminished range of emotional expression and experience, all of which may be present in a variety of contexts.

© Newsmax. All rights reserved.

  Comment  |
   Contact  |
  Print  
  Copy Shortlink

PLEASE NOTE: All information presented on Newsmax.com is for informational purposes only. It is not specific medical advice for any individual. All answers to reader questions are provided for informational purposes only. All information presented on our websites should not be construed as medical consultation or instruction. You should take no action solely on the basis of this publication’s contents. Readers are advised to consult a health professional about any issue regarding their health and well-being. While the information found on our websites is believed to be sensible and accurate based on the author’s best judgment, readers who fail to seek counsel from appropriate health professionals assume risk of any potential ill effects. The opinions expressed in Newsmaxhealth.com and Newsmax.com do not necessarily reflect those of Newsmax Media. Please note that this advice is generic and not specific to any individual. You should consult with your doctor before undertaking any medical or nutritional course of action.

Keeping you up to speed on Lifestyle, health, and money-saving tips
 
 
Get me on Fast Features
Keeping you up to speed on Lifestyle, health, and money-saving tips
 
Email:
Country
Zip Code:
Privacy: We never share your email.
 
Follow Newsmax
Top Stories

Newsmax, Moneynews, Newsmax Health, and Independent. American. are registered trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc. Newsmax TV, and Newsmax World are trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc.

 
NEWSMAX.COM
America's News Page
©  Newsmax Media, Inc.
All Rights Reserved