Antisocial Personality Disorder is a psychological condition that is characterized by a consistent lack of regard or respect, and even violation, of the rights of others. This disorder may show up in childhood or early adolescence and continue into adulthood.
This disorder can also develop along with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), and has a genetic basis. Currently, there are no specific medications for the treatment of antisocial personality disorder. There is no known cure for antisocial personality disorder, but cognitive behavior therapy and counseling sessions have helped mitigate symptoms.
Based on the symptoms and the overall intensity of the problem, different categories of medications are prescribed by medical practitioners and psychologists.
Listed below are some of the symptoms of antisocial personality disorder:
Deceit and manipulation
A person afflicted with this disorder tends to manipulate any situation or conversation to their advantage. This may start with mild lies that are then heightened into manipulation and maybe even deceit. Repeated lying involving the use of aliases to fulfill the need of personal profit or pleasure is the most dangerous symptom associated with antisocial personality disorder. This needs to be treated with neuroleptics. Medications that are considered neuroleptics are phenothiazines, Butyrophenone, Diphenylbutylpiperidine, Benzamide (Sulpirid agents and Amisulprid), Pentazyklische Rauwolfia alkaloid (Reserpine), and Thioxanthen. These types of medications can be used for treating antisocial personality disorder.
Impulsivity or procrastination
The behavior of people with this disorder tends to be extremely emotional. They are either impulsive or impatient when it comes to making important decisions or they tend to put off decision-making for an extended period of time. Anti-depressants might work in this case. Risperdal®, Seroquel®, Zyprexa®, Clozaril®, Geodon®, and Abilify® might work in this case. All of these medications are FDA approved for treating schizophrenia.
Irritability and aggression
People afflicted by this disorder tend to be extremely irritable at all times. The smallest possible incidence can illicit anger that may even lead to abnormal aggression, including assaults and repeated physical fights. For treatment, mood-stabilizing medication is required. Mood-stabilizing medications like Zyprexa®, Seroquel®, and Risperdal® work well because they help decrease self-injury, mood swings, depression, and anxiety.
Antisocial personality disorder treatment includes treating irresponsible behavior exhibited by people suffering from this disorder. These people tend to be extremely particular about matters that are connected with their life and affairs. However, as these patients are completely fixated on their own personal needs, they tend to overlook deadlines and responsibilities, both at home and work. A very lackadaisical attitude is observed when it comes to fulfilling their responsibilities. They cannot keep up either financial obligations or guarantee productive and rational behavior at work. Anti-anxiety medication is required to treat these symptoms. Anti-anxiety medications like Lamictal®, Topamax®, Depakote®, Trileptal®, Zonegan®, Neurontin®, and Gabitril® have proven to be effective in the treatment of antisocial personality disorder.
The diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder is usually not done until people are 18 years old. However, symptoms may begin as early as the age of 15. After a confirmed diagnosis, a suitable treatment program is tailored to the patient.
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