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Tags: risk | assessment | traits

Identifying Youth Dangerous to Others

 Identifying Youth Dangerous to Others
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Wendy L. Patrick By Saturday, 17 September 2022 07:54 AM EDT Current | Bio | Archive

When Very Young Children Can Be Dangerous

"Kids will be kids," we explain, when rationalizing antisocial behavior. But some young children are downright dangerous. Researchers have documented dangerous traits in young children that as a practical matter, everyone should consider.

As a career prosecutor, I spent years working in juvenile court, where cases occasionally came in involving suspects as young as eight years old, some of whom had engaged in serious violence.

Dangerous young children have been documented all over the world. According to news reports, the world’s youngest serial killer is alleged to have killed three people, the first one when he was only 7 years old. In Japan, 11 year old "Girl A" slashed a peer to death at school with a box cutter, before calmly returning to her own classroom covered in blood.

While such examples are uncommon, they illustrate a larger concern that parents, law enforcement, and mental health professionals have faced for years: very young children can be dangerous.

How Young is Too Young?

In addition to formal diagnoses using DSM-V diagnostic criteria, and reports from medical facilities describing the types of disorders they see most often, researchers have sought to identify how young children who post a risk of harm to others can be identified and assessed.

Paul Tiffin and Carole Kaplan explored risk factors exhibited by young people in, "Dangerous Children: Assessment and Management of Risk."

They begin by recognizing how child healthcare workers are seeing increasing numbers of youth who present behaviors that pose a potential or actual safety risk to others.

Among other observations, in discussing the intersection between personality traits and risk assessment, Tiffin and Kaplan note that antisocial traits can be identified through an interview, or from others.

In particular, they note that sadistic traits in children are sometimes evident through previous behavior, such as cruelty to other children — or to animals.

They point out that animal cruelty in particular is considered to be associated with a poor prognosis in conduct disorder.

Tiffin and Kaplan (ibid.) also observe that impulsive traits can enhance a child’s risk for antisocial acts, explaining that such children act without thinking about the consequences.

Addressing and Managing Aggression in Young Children

Threat assessment professionals and researchers continue to focus on developing risk assessment instruments to identify potentially violent youth, while clinicians, healthcare practitioners, and parents offer some practical suggestions.

Mental health issues complicate the analysis, but suggested behavioral interventions can be utilized in combination with pharmaceutical or therapeutic treatment.

Behavioral Modeling

Children listen to what we say, but model what we do.

Exhibiting composed, productive methods of dealing with frustration and anxiety is one way to lead by example in the face of conflict.

Similar to the way adults smooth over disagreements, calm conversation gets us much farther than emotional outbursts or accusations.

Talk it Out at the Right Time

Many parents can relate to the power of communication, even with very young children. But as with adult disagreements, timing matters: the most effective communication takes place once cooler heads prevail.

Resist the impulse to attempt to persuade in the heat of the moment.

Creating a peaceful, quiet environment is conducive to productive conversation that may also yield parental insight into issues faced by their children.

Reward Good Behavior

This obvious incentive can be forgotten when parents are understandably focused on mitigating the immediate damage caused by a child’s explosive outbursts of anger.

Rewarding positive behavior is an intentional, strategic method of balancing motivation with instruction.

Contact the Right Professionals.

If a child exhibits age-inappropriate dangerous behavior, parents should seek help from an expert in the field. Child counselors or health care professionals who have experience specifically in dealing with dangerous children can offer services and advice uniquely tailored to addressing some of the issues such issues present.

Parents who are facing these difficult issues are not alone. Thankfully, help is available to work towards cultivating healthy, safe, loving family relationships.

This article was originally published in Psychology Today.

Wendy L. Patrick, JD, MDiv, Ph.D., is an award-winning career trial attorney and media commentator. She is host of "Live with Dr. Wendy" on KCBQ, and a daily guest on other media outlets, delivering a lively mix of flash, substance, and style. Read Dr. Wendy L. Patrick's Reports — More Here.

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WendyLPatrick
If a child exhibits age-inappropriate dangerous behavior, parents should seek help from an expert in the field. Parents who are facing these difficult issues are not alone.
risk, assessment, traits
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2022-54-17
Saturday, 17 September 2022 07:54 AM
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