More than 1,000 Chinese researchers have left the United States amid a U.S. crackdown on alleged technology theft, top U.S. security officials said on Wednesday, adding that Chinese agents had already been targeting the incoming Biden administration.
John Demers, chief of the U.S. Justice Department's National Security Division, told a discussion hosted by the Aspen Institute think tank the researchers had left the country while the department launched multiple criminal cases against Chinese operatives for industrial and technological espionage.
A Justice Department official said they were a different group to those mentioned by the State Department in September, when it said the United States had revoked visas for more than 1,000 Chinese nationals under a presidential measure denying entry to students and researchers deemed security risks.
The official said the researchers Demers referred to, who U.S. authorities believed were affiliated with China's People's Liberation Army, fled the United States after the FBI conducted interviews in more than 20 cities and the State Department closed China’s Houston consulate in July.
"Only the Chinese have the resources and ability and will" to engage in the breadth of foreign influence activity that U.S. agencies have seen in recent years, Demers said.
William Evanina, chief of the counterintelligence branch of the office of the U.S. Director of National Intelligence, told the same event Chinese agents were already targeting personnel of the incoming administration of President-elect Joe Biden, as well as "people close" to Biden's team.
He did not elaborate.
Biden's transition team declined to comment. His campaign team said over the summer that it expected cyber attacks and was prepared for them.
Evanina said Chinese researchers in the United States who were under scrutiny of U.S. agencies were "all coming here at the behest of the Chinese government."
China described the visa crackdown earlier this year as "naked" political persecution and racial discrimination that seriously violated human rights.
Sino-U.S. relations have deteriorated to their worst in decades during outgoing U.S. President Donald Trump's tenure with disputes simmering over issues from trade and technology to Hong Kong and the coronavirus.
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