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UNICEF Newborn Mortality Report Ranks Countries on Infant Deaths

Image: UNICEF Newborn Mortality Report Ranks Countries on Infant Deaths

Newborn baby in hospital bed. (Aviahuismanphotography/Dreamstime.com)

By    |   Wednesday, 21 February 2018 10:29 AM

A UNICEF report on newborn mortality rates ranks the safest and most dangerous countries for infants, with Japan marking the lowest newborn mortality rate and Pakistan seeing the highest.

With 2.6 million infants dying within the first month and a million dying within a day of being born, UNICEF hopes to find solutions to the problem by analyzing why these numbers are so high.

Topping the list with the highest mortality rate is Pakistan, which saw about one in 22 infants die within a month of birth in 2016, CNN noted.

On the other end of the spectrum, Japan saw one death in every 1,111 births, making it the country with the lowest newborn mortality rate.

What these statistics suggest is that the newborn mortality rate is far less in high-income countries, although this is not the only determining factor, as can be seen in the instance of the U.S., which was ranked 15th among high-income countries with regards to its newborn mortality rate, USA Today reported.

According to the report, eight of the 10 most dangerous places to be born fall in sub-Saharan Africa, where poverty, conflict and weak institutions limit medical assistance available to pregnant women.

More than 80 percent of newborn deaths are a result of prematurity, complications during birth or infections such as pneumonia and sepsis.

UNICEF believes that this number can be reduced by providing new mothers with access to well-trained midwives as well as proper care, education and good nutrition.

"We know we can save the vast majority of these babies with affordable, quality health care solutions for every mother and every newborn," said Henrietta H. Fore, UNICEF's executive director. "Just a few small steps from all of us can help ensure the first small steps of each of these young lives."

The countries with the highest newborn mortality rates are:

1. Pakistan: 1 in 22

2. Central African Republic: 1 in 24

3. Afghanistan: 1 in 25

4. Somalia: 1 in 26

5. Lesotho: 1 in 26

6. Guinea-Bissau: 1 in 26

7. South Sudan: 1 in 26

8. Côte d'Ivoire: 1 in 27

9. Mali: 1 in 28

10. Chad: 1 in 28

The countries with the lowest newborn mortality rates are:

1. Japan: 1 in 1,111

2. Iceland: 1 in 1,000

3. Singapore: 1 in 909

4. Finland: 1 in 833

5. Estonia: 1 in 769

5. Slovenia: 1 in 769

7. Cyprus: 1 in 714

8. Belarus: 1 in 667

8. Luxembourg: 1 in 667

8. Norway: 1 in 667

8. Republic of Korea: 1 in 667

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Japan is the safest place for newborns, while Pakistan is the most dangerous, according to a report on newborn mortality by UNICEF.
unicef, newborn, mortality, report
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2018-29-21
Wednesday, 21 February 2018 10:29 AM
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