Tags: scarlet fever | rampage | britain

Scarlet Fever on Rampage in Britain

Scarlet Fever on Rampage in Britain
(Dreamstime)

By    |   Tuesday, 28 November 2017 09:58 AM

Scarlet fever has made a return in Britain, hitting its highest levels there in 50 years with more than 17,000 cases reported the 2016, according to the journal Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Experts had said that the disease had been gaining steam since 2014, but they have not been able to identify a reason for the increase, the BBC News reported.

Scarlet fever is not a reportable disease in the United States, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention does not track the condition, the website STAT reported. A CDC spokeswoman said officials have not heard of an increase in the U.S.

According to the CDC, scarlet fever, or scarlatina, is a bacterial infection caused by group A Streptococcus. The disease affects people who have strep throat or skin infections caused by group A strep.

The CDC said people with scarlet fever need treatment to prevent rare but serious health problems and the infection usually affects children between 5 and 15 years old. The typical symptom of the disease is a certain type of red rash that feels rough, like sandpaper.

The BBC News reported that a joint investigation by England and Wales public health authorities discovered that the incidence of scarlet fever tripled between 2013 and 2014, jumping from 4,700 cases to 15,637 cases.

That total increased to 19,206 reported cases in 2016, the highest level since 1967, the BBC News said.

"We are concerned," Dr. Theresa Lamagni, head of streptococcal surveillance at Public Health England, told the BBC News. "It's quite a dramatic rise. We've always seen cases of scarlet fever. It's just the scale in the past has been much lower than the last few years."

"… All parts of England saw an increase in incidence, with 620 outbreaks reported in 2016. Hospital admissions for scarlet fever increased by 97 percent between 2013 and 2016; one in 40 cases were admitted for management of the condition or potential complications," the Lancet study said.

Lamagni told the BBC News that molecular genetic testing has ruled out a newly emerged strain of the infection and there has not been any suggestion the disease had become resistant to the penicillin normally used to treat it.

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Scarlet fever has made a return in Britain, hitting its highest levels there in 50 years with more than 17,000 cases reported the 2016, according to the journal Lancet Infectious Diseases.
scarlet fever, rampage, britain
370
2017-58-28
Tuesday, 28 November 2017 09:58 AM
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