Tags: nasa | deep space network | mojave desert

NASA Deep Space Network Complex Nestles in Mojave Desert

NASA Deep Space Network Complex Nestles in Mojave Desert

NASA's Goldstone 70-meter antenna keeps in touch with Voyager 1, the farthest away ever travelling spacecraft. (Dreamstime)

By    |   Friday, 15 June 2018 12:15 PM

One of NASA's three Deep Space Network complexes is nestled in the peace and quiet of the Mojave Desert where it has been communicating with far-flung spaceships since the late 1950s. The other two are overseas.

NASA settled on the remote U.S. site because it was away from power lines, commercial radio, and television transmitters that could create interference, the website Phys.org reported.

The Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex, named after a nearby ghost town, is located near U.S Army base Fort Irwin in northern San Bernardino County, California. The first antenna built there, called Pioneer Station, was built in 1958 to receive data from the Pioneer 3 mission.

Pioneer Station would go on to play important roles in the Apollo, Mariner, Viking, and Voyager missions before it was shutdown in 1981 and named a National Historical Monument four years later, Phys.org noted.

The newer Mars Station is 24 stories high and is used to communicate with Voyager 1, which was originally launched in 1977 and is now more than 13 billion miles away from Earth.

The Gemini Station in the complex was originally built by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California for the Army and was transferred to NASA in 1994. The first mission Gemini supported was the Solar Heliospheric Observatory, a cooperative mission between NASA and the European Space Agency.

NASA said the Deep Space Network operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and runs above 95 percent proficiency every month.

The Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the operations of the Deep Space Network, including the Goldstone Complex and the other two located in Madrid, Spain and Canberra, Australia.

The Goldstone Complex is playing a critical role in some of NASA's most high profile missions. NASA said the Juno probe, which is currently orbiting and mapping Jupiter, goes into downlinks data in real time to an antenna at the Goldstone complex.

Goldstone's 70-meter antenna, along with another antenna at the Spain site, were the prime uplinks when the New Horizon space probe took is historic pictures of Pluto and its five moons, NASA noted.

© 2019 Newsmax. All rights reserved.

   
1Like our page
2Share
TheWire
One of NASA's three Deep Space Network complexes is nestled in the peace and quiet of the Mojave Desert where it has been communicating with far-flung spaceships since the late 1950s. The other two are overseas.
nasa, deep space network, mojave desert
349
2018-15-15
Friday, 15 June 2018 12:15 PM
Newsmax Media, Inc.
 

Newsmax, Moneynews, Newsmax Health, and Independent. American. are registered trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc. Newsmax TV, and Newsmax World are trademarks of Newsmax Media, Inc.

NEWSMAX.COM
America's News Page
© Newsmax Media, Inc.
All Rights Reserved