Tags: calcium | vitamin d | supplements | fracture

Calcium, Vitamin D Supplements Don't Lower Fracture Risk, Study Finds

Image: Calcium, Vitamin D Supplements Don't Lower Fracture Risk, Study Finds
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By    |   Wednesday, 27 December 2017 12:54 PM

Calcium and vitamin D supplements may not lower fracture risk for elderly adults living independently, a new examination of past studies published by the Journal of the American Medical Association on Tuesday suggests.

The research took a fresh look at 33 past clinical trials involving 51,145 participants and found that there was no great difference in the risk of hip fractures between those using calcium supplements, vitamin D supplements, or both, and those taking placebo or no supplements, ABC News noted.

The participants in the past trials were all 50 years old and older, not living in a nursing home and were not taking any anti-osteoporosis medication, ABC News reported.

Vitamin D can help the body use calcium to support bone health. Older adults are often advised to take one or both of these supplements, up to recommended daily intake 600 international units of vitamin D, or 800 IU after age 70, Reuters reported.

"It is time to stop taking calcium and vitamin D supplements for the community-dwelling older adults," lead study author Dr. Jia-Guo Zhao, a researcher in the department of orthopedic surgery at Tianjin Hospital in China, told Reuters.

"The guidelines should be changed. We think that improving the lifestyle, getting enough exercise and enough sunshine, and adjusting the diet may be more important than taking these supplements," Zhao continued.

The Washington Post reported that the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, an influential federal advisory body, was one of the first to raise awareness about the effectiveness of the supplements in 2013.

The task force issued recommendations stating that evidence touting the benefits of such supplements for older adults was "insufficient," per the Post.

Daniel Fabricant, president of the Natural Products Association, which represents manufacturers and retailers of dietary supplements, complained that the study's conclusions used "too broad of a brush," the newspaper reported.

"There is a lot missing," Fabricant told The Washington Post. "People with prior breaks or family incidence of osteoporosis may still need vitamin D."

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Calcium and vitamin D supplements may not lower fracture risk for elderly adults living independently, a new examination of past studies published by the Journal of the American Medical Association on Tuesday suggests.
calcium, vitamin d, supplements, fracture
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2017-54-27
Wednesday, 27 December 2017 12:54 PM
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