Tags: ancient | egypt | volcanoes | riots | revolt

Ancient Egypt Volcanoes Sparked Riots, Revolt

Ancient Egypt Volcanoes Sparked Riots, Revolt

An Egyptian fisherman stands watching the Nile River as water appears a murky brown color due to the flooding in southern provinces, Beni Suef and Sohag south of the capital, in Cairo, Egypt, in November 2016. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil)

By    |   Thursday, 19 October 2017 07:44 AM

Ancient Egypt volcanoes often sparked riots, revolt and other social unrest after eruptions affected the climate, according to researchers.

The findings that detailed Egypt's famous Ptolemaic era were published Tuesday in the journal Nature Communications. The researchers said that several major revolts happened between the Egyptians and the ruling Greeks, which they believed were tied to volcanic eruption that sparked climate changes, The New York Times reported.

"Ancient Egyptians depended almost exclusively on Nile summer flooding brought by the summer monsoon in east Africa to grow their crops," Joseph Manning, the lead author of the study from Yale University, said in a statement.

"In years influenced by volcanic eruptions, Nile flooding was generally diminished, leading to social stress that could trigger unrest and have other political and economic consequences," Manning continued.

The New York Times wrote that because 70 percent of Earth's population relies on monsoon-dependent agricultural systems, the study could warn of what could happen in a future where volcanoes are more active.

"They might have been dealing with two or even three huge volcanic eruptions occurring in a given decade, Francis Ludlow, one of the study's authors from Trinity College Dublin, told the Times. He pointed out that the last large eruption to affect the climate today was the 1991 Pinatubo eruption in the Philippines the newspaper stated.

The authors said that since Ptolemaic era, which thrived from 305 B.C. to 30 B.C. was so well documented that they could find evidence of further social stresses through the increased sales of family-held land following eruptions, according to a statement from Trinity College in Dubline, Ireland.

"It is very rare in science and history to have such strong and detailed evidence documenting how past societies responded to sudden hydroclimatic shocks," Ludlow said in the statement. "Because the Ptolemaic era is so richly documented, the dates of major political events are known with some confidence.

"What is often less clear from the ancient writings is what specific factors triggered events like revolts. This study, however, has been able to show a repeated close timing between these events and the dates of major volcanic eruptions known from polar ice-core measurements of the atmospheric fallout of volcanic sulfate," Ludlow continued.

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Ancient Egypt volcanoes often sparked riots, revolt and other social unrest after eruptions affected the climate, according to researchers.
ancient, egypt, volcanoes, riots, revolt
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2017-44-19
Thursday, 19 October 2017 07:44 AM
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