Tags: Study | Finds | Florida | Schools' | Ban | Social | Promotion

Study Finds Florida Schools' Ban on Social Promotion Effective

Wednesday, 08 December 2004 12:00 AM

Florida is one of many large school systems, including eight other states and the cities of Chicago, New York, and Philadelphia, to have adopted standardized testing mandates intended to end “social promotion” – promoting students to the next grade level regardless of their academic proficiency. These school systems encompass 30% of all U.S. public school students. This study provides evidence that such programs improve the academic proficiency of low-performing students.

The study uses individual-level data provided by the Florida Department of Education. It examines the gains made in one year on the math and reading tests by all Florida 3rd graders in the first cohort subject to the retention policy who scored below the necessary threshold, as compared to the gains made by all Florida third graders in the previous cohort with the same low test scores, for whom the policy was not yet in force. Because some students subject to the policy obtained special exemptions and were promoted, the study also separately measures the effects of actually being retained.

The findings of this study, evaluating Florida’s program after its first year, include:

The authors intend to follow the same two cohorts of students in future studies to evaluate the effects of this policy over time.

Marcus A. Winters is a Research Associate at the Manhattan Institute’s Education Research Office. He earned his B.A. in political science with departmental honors from Ohio University in 2002.

The Education Research Office, a part of the Center for Civic Innovation at the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, produces high-quality academic research on U.S. education issues, including school choice policies and other aspects of education reform.

The Manhattan Institute, a 501(c)(3), is a think tank whose mission is to develop and disseminate new ideas that foster greater economic choice and individual responsibility.

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Florida is one of many large school systems, including eight other states and the cities of Chicago, New York, and Philadelphia, to have adopted standardized testing mandates intended to end "social promotion" - promoting students to the next grade level regardless of their...
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2004-00-08
Wednesday, 08 December 2004 12:00 AM
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