Tags: Rice: | Domestic | Spying | Legal | Vital | Security

Rice: Domestic Spying Legal, Vital to Security

Monday, 19 December 2005 12:00 AM

Washington -- President Bush has acted in accordance with the Constitution and U.S. law in ordering the National Security Agency to eavesdrop within the United States on people with suspected terrorist links, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice says.

And, Rice said on two television interview programs Sunday, the approach is vital at a time when any delay in gathering intelligence could make it possible for terrorists to mount another operation like the September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon.

"The president is determined that he will have the ability to make certain that… the communications between people, a limited number of people, with al-Qaeda links here and conversations with terrorist activities outside will be understood so that we can detect and thereby prevent terrorist attacks," she said on NBC's Meet the Press with Tim Russert.

Bush acknowledged in his weekly radio address on December 17 that he had ordered the policy change, saying the operation was "critical to saving American lives" and "consistent with U.S. law and the Constitution."

The domestic spying operation was first disclosed publicly the previous day in The New York Times. The revelation of such a program, run without the court-approved warrants ordinarily required for domestic spying, has raised questions in Congress and elsewhere.

Rice said "the president is acting under his constitutional authority, under statutory authority" and "has gone to great lengths to make certain that he is both living under his obligations to protect Americans from another attack but also to protect their civil liberties."

"And that's why this program is very carefully controlled," the secretary continued. "It has to be reauthorized every 45 days. People are specially trained to participate in it and it has been briefed to the leadership of the Congress and including the leadership of the intelligence committees."

At the White House Monday, Attorney General Alberto Gonzales told reporters that the program authorized by President Bush involves electronic surveillance of telephone communications in which one of the callers is outside the United States.

The telephone monitoring is done only when authorities have a "reasonable basis" to conclude that one of the callers is a member of the transnational terrorist group al-Qaida or working to support the group in terrorist-related activities, the attorney general said.

"We view these authorities as authorities to confront the enemy in which the United States is at war with -- and that is al-Qaida and those who are supporting or affiliated with al-Qaida," Gonzales said.

He said the president believes that when the U.S. Congress authorized him to use all force necessary to pursue terrorists after September 11, 2001, that constituted his authority to carry out this type of intelligence gathering.

Rice said the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, which requires a court order before domestic wiretapping can be undertaken, is no longer adequate to meet today's threats.

That law was passed in 1978 at a time when the main concern was "the activities of people on behalf of foreign governments, a rather stable target," Rice said. That situation was "very different from the kind of urgency of detection and thereby protection of the country that is needed today. And so the president has drawn on additional authorities that he has under the Constitution and under other statutes," she added.

In similar comments on Fox News Sunday with Chris Wallace, Rice declared, "We simply can't be in a situation in which the president is not responding to this different kind of war on terrorism."

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Washington -- President Bush has acted in accordance with the Constitution and U.S. law in ordering the National Security Agency to eavesdrop within the United States on people with suspected terrorist links, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice says. And, Rice said...
Rice:,Domestic,Spying,Legal,,Vital,Security
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2005-00-19
Monday, 19 December 2005 12:00 AM
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