Tags: Background | Arrest | Castro's | Pentagon | Spy

Background on Arrest of Castro's Pentagon Spy

Tuesday, 25 September 2001 12:00 AM

Usually, when our counterintelligence is monitoring a suspected foreign agent they follow the culprit but do not make an arrest. That way they can identify potential additional links. Why was this not done in this case? There are two possibilities. One is that she could leak relevant information about our intended response to the terrorist attacks to the Cubans, who in turn could pass it on to bin Laden. The other is that there was a turf battle inside the administration between the Bush Justice Department and leftover elements from the Clinton administration at the Pentagon on how to deal with Cuba.

The first possibility is not easy to discard. Granted, Castro is unlikely to be chosen as an ally by bin Laden because he is a deeply religious Islamic fundamentalist who left a comfortable life as a millionaire in Saudi Arabia to combat Communism and the Soviets in Afghanistan, while Fidel Castro gave himself an atheistic and Marxist constitution and was a Soviet surrogate. So, there are profound philosophical and ideological disagreements between the two men.

However, they share a profound hatred of the United States. Furthermore, there are many potential intermediaries in the Muslim world, including Iran, Iraq, Libya and the PLO, which are playing with both sides and could provide a bridge between the two. So, the possibility of a Cuban spy at the Pentagon being a danger to our immediate security in the war on terrorism does not have to be completely excluded as the reason for ending the observation phase in this case.

The other explanation goes back to Sept. 14, 1998, when FBI Special Agent Raúl Fernández went to court in Miami to present an affidavit in what turned out to be a most bizarre spy case, the Wasp Network. The main case against the Wasp Network was that its members – 10 arrested and four absent – were spying on U.S. military installations as well as on the Cuban exile community in the Miami area.

A most intriguing element mentioned by agent Fernández in his affidavit, items 18 and 19, was that one of the spies, Antonio Guerrero, aka Lorient, had provided the Cubans with "the home addresses of hundreds of military personnel stationed at the base (Boca Chica Naval Air Station)." This information would be of little use for Cuban defensive purposes. However, it could be extremely useful in a commando raid against that installation.

It so happens that the prestigious Jane's Defense Weekly, dated March 6, 1996, had reported that, since the early nineties, Cuba was training commandos in Vietnam for precisely such an assignment. According to Jane's story,

The spy trial indictment was changed in May 1999 by the Clinton administration, downplaying the military angle and focusing instead on Cuba's role in the downing of American civilian planes over international waters on Feb. 24, 1996. The first was done to please Castro, who had claimed in a CNN interview that he never spied on U.S. military installations, that his spying was limited to defend himself from the attacks of Miami Cubans. Clinton did not want to close the door to an agreement with Castro as one of his foreign policy successes.

The second was done to placate the Cuban-American community for such a concession by raising a highly emotional issue for them. This was a compensation to boost the Gore candidacy among Cuban-American voters.

The trial itself was most irregular. The presiding federal judge agreed to the defense request to ban the seating of any members of the Cuban-American community in the jury, which ended having five non-Cuban Hispanics, three Anglos, three African-Americans and one Asian-American.

She also ordered the prosecution to obtain testimony in Cuba from Cuban intelligence and military officers, which was later presented to the jury by the defense. Can you imagine a Cuban intelligence officer being asked to swear over a Bible to say the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth? They must still be laughing about that one. Since these were the officers who had ordered the spies to get involved in the conspiracy to down the civilian planes, they belonged in the bench of the accused, instead of as witnesses.

But, most incredible of all, two retired generals, Charles Wilhem and Edward Atkeson, were witnesses for the defense. Stop here and read it over again: Two American generals were trying to exonerate Castro's spies from spying against the U.S. military. It is not hard to imagine the frustration of prosecutors and FBI agents, who monitored for three years the Wasp Network to gather the evidence presented to the jury, over the presence of this behavior by senior military officers, in particular that of General Wilhem.

Wilhelm, former head of the Southern Command, testified on April 16, 2001, that he ignored the FBI warnings because the Cubans could not penetrate the security provisions in effect at his command. The evidence gathered and presented by the FBI and the prosecution must have seemed more persuasive to the jury, because jurors ignored the bizarre testimony of these two generals to find the Wasp Network spies guilty of both charges: spying on the U.S. military and conspiracy to commit murder in the case of the civilian planes downed on Feb. 24, 1996.

To understand these two generals' bizarre behavior, it is important to point out that during the Clinton administration a naive theory was developed somewhere at the Pentagon think tanks, most likely the National Defense University, to the effect that the optimum transition in Cuba would be one controlled by the Castro brothers. This would satisfy three basic U.S. national security objectives: i) avoid a mass migration; ii) avoid a civil war that would force a U.S. intervention; and iii) provide assurances of cooperation in drug interdiction.

Of course, the fact that this did not take into account at all the possible expectations of the Cuban people did not seem to matter to the think-tankers. The same arrogant blindness that led us into the Bay of Pigs disaster seems to prevail in the thinking of these Pentagon analysts. Or was it an idea planted by the senior DIA analyst?

In the implementation of this strategy, generals Wilhem and Atkeson visited Cuba and had long meetings with Castro, one lasting nine hours and the other five hours. General Atkeson went on to report on their Cuban activities in an article in the May 15, 2001, issue of the military journal ARMY.

Fidel was delighted and Raul said twice in public events, first in December 2000, and again in January 2001, that the wisest thing for the Bush administration was to come to terms with the Cuban revolution while Fidel was still alive. The generals' answer for the future of Cuba was to make Raul the Batista of the new century.

Another general involved in this exercise was McCaffrey, Clinton's drug czar. His angle was that we should cooperate with Castro in drug interdiction, one of the unfulfilled goals of his last year in the Clinton administration. On Aug. 28, 2001, either a coordinated event or a strange coincidence took place.

On that day, Cuba's justice minister expressed Cuba's willingness to cooperate with the U.S. in drug interdiction, and General McCaffrey gave a speech at Georgetown University in which he told President Bush, in an incredibly arrogant tone, that his administration should create a joint Caribbean drug interdiction command under a Coast Guard admiral with, among others, Cuban participation and access to our intelligence and even equipment and financing.

This advice has to be considered in the light of the abysmal record of McCaffrey in the case of Gen. Gutierrrez Rebollo, whom he praised extensively upon his appointment as Mexican drug czar in 1997, to see the man arrested two weeks later for being on the payroll of Amado Carrillo Fuentes, the so-called King of the Skies.

During the trial of Gutierrez Rebollo, now serving a sentence of 77 years in prison, it came out that he was turning over to the Amado Carrillo cartel the intelligence and equipment the U.S. was providing Mexico, so Carrillo could monitor rival cartels. When I raised this point from the audience, McCaffrey did not seem pleased. In fact, he rudely rejected any information that contradicted his conclusions.

Somehow, the whole scheme started to fall apart when the Wasp Network jury ignored the advice of the two generals and found the spies guilty on June 8, 2001. Castro does not expect a judiciary behavior that is independent of the will of the military and, therefore, is likely to have been furious with the dismal results of Wilhem's and Atkeson's efforts on behalf of his spies.

After a short delay, on June 20, 2001, he launched a national mobilization campaign, a la Elian, to win a reversal of that decision. However, of late, that campaign has turned mute and the box with patriotic slogans in GRANMA's front page has been removed. Castro must have lost any hope when the Justice Department proceeded to arrest two more spies related to the Wasp Network, both of whom entered their plea bargains the same day the DIA spy was arrested. This last arrest completely ridicules the claims of the two generals that Cuban intelligence had no capability of obtaining any military information from the U.S.

Evidently, there was a difference of opinion between the FBI and the Justice Department and some people in the military left over from the Clinton Administration, on the issue of the threat represented by Cuban spying. We can assume that the generals were acting on an option developed with some substantial inputs from the DIA analyst working for Castro. After some initial hesitation under the Bush administration, it seems that the FBI and the prosecutors won from John Ashcroft the support denied to them by Janet Reno.

We do not know the position of the Rumsfeld team in relation to what the generals were advocating. But the arrest of the senior analyst on Cuba at the DIA indicates that, if there was any support for their notion within the new Pentagon leadership, it is now a moot issue. It is evident Ashcroft has prevailed. Besides, the Pentagon will now have to revise all policies in which Castro's spy had an input.

Quite a setback for Castro.

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Usually, when our counterintelligence is monitoring a suspected foreign agent they follow the culprit but do not make an arrest.That way they can identify potential additional links.Why was this not done in this case?There are two possibilities. One is that she could...
Tuesday, 25 September 2001 12:00 AM
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