Senate Democrats started their campaign-season drive Monday for a constitutional amendment aimed at curbing special interests' financial clout in elections, a doomed effort the party hopes will make a populist appeal to voters.
The measure would allow Congress and the states to limit the money raised and spent in election campaigns, curbs that have been weakened by Supreme Court decisions in recent years. It has no chance of winning the two-thirds majority needed to clear the Senate, let alone even being considered by the Republican-run House.
Democrats were bringing the measure to the Senate floor anyway Monday, eight weeks from elections in which they are fighting to retain their majority in the chamber.
Led by Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., Democrats around the country have spent months lambasting the billionaire Koch brothers. The duo has contributed large sums to conservative groups that are spending millions to try defeating Democratic senators.
"Should a family hard hit by the recession take a back seat in our government to a couple of billionaires?" Reid said Monday as the Senate returned from its summer recess.
"We're going to ask if there's a single Republican who believes elections in America today should be determined by how much money you have," he said.
Republicans say limiting campaign spending by outside groups would violate free speech — a rationale Supreme Court justices have used in decisions diluting decades-old restrictions. They say Democrats are pushing the measure to try racking up political points.
Rather than focusing on issues like unemployment and terrorism, "They're more interested in repealing the free speech protections the First Amendment guarantees to all Americans," Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., wrote in an opinion essay in Monday's Politico Magazine. "Their goal is to shut down the voices of their critics at a moment when they fear the loss of their fragile Senate majority."
Outside groups have spent $189 million on congressional campaigns since January 2013, according to the nonpartisan Center for Responsive Politics, which monitors political spending. That's more than triple the $57 million spent to this point in the 2010 campaign — which, like this year, featured only congressional races and not a presidential contest.
The proposed amendment by Sen. Tom Udall, D-N.M., would let lawmakers roll back the Supreme Court's 1976 Buckley v. Valeo decision, which found that limiting campaign spending by outside groups would violate their free speech.
The legislation would also let Congress address two other cases that have eroded campaign finance strictures: The 2010 Citizens United case, which allowed unfettered independent spending by corporations and unions, and last April's McCutcheon ruling letting wealthy individuals contribute to as many candidates as they'd like.
Leaders are hoping this month's session will be short so lawmakers can go home to campaign. Both chambers' leaders plan to use much of the session to appeal to each party's most loyal voters.
Besides the constitutional amendment on campaign spending, Reid is preparing for possible votes on the federal minimum wage, women's pay, student loans and contraception coverage for some workers. Republicans have previously blocked those measures.
House Republicans envision votes on boosting energy production and easing regulations and taxes on businesses — bills the House has passed but the Senate has ignored.
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