Hours after President Joe Biden declared "We have a deal" to renew the infrastructure of the United States, the Senate's top Republican lashed out at plans to follow the $1.2 trillion bipartisan bill with another measure funding what Democrats call "human infrastructure."
Biden and top congressional Democrats - House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer - had long signaled their plan to link the bipartisan deal with another bill including spending on home health care and child care.
The second measure would be passed through a Senate maneuver called reconciliation, which would allow it to take effect without Republican votes.
Biden told reporters at the White House that he expected quick action on both measures - or neither would survive.
"I expect that in the coming months this summer, before the fiscal year is over, that we will have voted on this (bipartisan) bill - the infrastructure bill - as well as voted on the budget resolution," he said. "But if only one comes to me, I'm not signing it. It's in tandem."
That drew a harsh response from Republican Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell.
"Less than two hours after publicly commending our colleagues and actually endorsing the bipartisan agreement, the President took the extraordinary step of threatening to veto it," McConnell said on the Senate floor. "It almost makes your head spin."
McConnell, Pelosi and Schumer have not been directly involved with the bipartisan infrastructure talks. McConnell has not publicly stated if he would back the initiative, though he called it "encouraging" in his floor remarks.
Lindsey Graham, one of the 21 senators who had negotiated the bipartisan deal, said in a tweet: "If reports are accurate that President Biden is refusing to sign a bipartisan deal unless reconciliation is also passed, that would be the ultimate deal breaker for me."
Progressive members of Congress - some of whom were pushing for a sweeping $6 trillion bill - had indicated they would not support the smaller bipartisan bill without a companion measure.
The $1.2 trillion framework includes $579 billion in new spending on major investments in the power grid, broadband internet services and passenger and freight rail.
The eight-year proposal contains $109 billion for roads, bridges and major projects; $73 billion for power infrastructure; $66 billion for passenger and freight rail; $65 billion for broadband access; $49 billion for public transit; and $25 billion for airports, according to a White House statement.
That spending falls far short of Biden's original ambitions on schools, climate change mitigation, and support for parents and caregivers, and it doesn't include his bedrock pledge to make the U.S. economy more fair by increasing taxes on the rich and corporations.
Biden vowed to move "full steam ahead" on those priorities.
The compromise package would be paid for through more than a dozen funding mechanisms, including $100 billion in estimated tax revenues from a ramp-up in enforcement by the Internal Revenue Service, unused COVID-19 aid money, unemployment insurance funds returned by U.S. states, and oil sales from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.
The phrase "infrastructure week" became a Washington punchline during Donald Trump's four years as president after he promised to make such legislation a centerpiece but did not unveil a plan for Congress to consider, including financing mechanisms for projects.
Schumer said he supported the outline of the deal but wanted to see the details. He also said the $1.2 trillion bill focused on physical infrastructure would not get the Democratic votes needed to pass it without an accompanying package tackling social issues, including home healthcare.
"All parties understand, we won't get enough votes to pass either, unless we have enough votes to pass both," Schumer said on the Senate floor. He said the Senate would aim for a vote on the bipartisan plan next month.
Pelosi said the House would vote on the bipartisan bill only after the Senate had also approved the additional reconciliation bill, meaning the battle over the bills could extend into September and beyond.
Biden, seeking to fuel economic growth and address income inequality after the coronavirus pandemic, initially proposed spending about $2.3 trillion. Republicans chafed at his definition of infrastructure, which included fighting climate change and providing care for children and the elderly.
The White House later trimmed the package to about $1.7 trillion in an unsuccessful bid to win the Republican support needed for any plan to get the 60 votes required to advance most legislation in the evenly split 100-seat Senate.
A major sticking point had been how to pay for the investments. Biden has pledged not to increase taxes on Americans earning less than $400,000 a year, while Republicans are determined to protect a 2017 cut in corporate taxes.
Republican Senator John Thune said there were questions about whether watchdogs, including the Congressional Budget Office, would recognize some of the funding mechanisms as achieving savings.
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