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Colombia and FARC Rebels Reach Final Deal to End 52-Year War

Image: Colombia and FARC Rebels Reach Final Deal to End 52-Year War

Wednesday, 24 Aug 2016 09:22 PM

Colombia reached a final peace agreement with Marxist rebels, who will form a legal political party, signaling an end to a conflict which has left hundreds of thousands of dead and millions displaced during five decades of bloodshed.

The deal “ratifies the FARC’s commitment to close the chapter of the internal conflict, converting itself into a valid actor within the democratic system,” negotiators said in a joint press release sent by the Presidency.

The FARC’s party, which will be recognized after the process of disarmament ends, can contest the 2018 and 2022 Congressional and Senatorial elections, the Presidency said. This party will get a guaranteed minimum of five seats in each house in that period.

The insurgency, which the guerrillas financed with kidnapping, extortion and drug money, brought terror to swathes of the country, and kept remote regions mired in poverty and underdevelopment. Amid the lack of state control, some landowners set up their own illegal paramilitary groups, which massacred civilians they accused of helping the rebels.

The deal comes after four years of talks in Cuba, in which government and FARC negotiators reached agreements on agrarian reform, political participation, reparations of victims, fighting illegal drugs and punishment for crimes committed during the fighting. The government repeatedly insisted that the nation’s economic model wasn’t up for discussion.

After the agreement is formally signed, the guerrillas will start to deploy to temporary zones where they will hand over their weapons to a UN mission over 180 days. An Invamer poll conducted this month found that 67.5 percent of voters will back the peace agreement in a plebiscite.

Colombia is less developed than many of its neighbors, as the violence scared off investors and diverted resources from more productive uses to its vast military. Without a conflict, the Andean nation can begin to converge with more prosperous countries such as Mexico, according to Restrepo.

Violent Presence

During the decades of fighting, in which the FARC battled for a Cuban-style revolution in Colombia, it ambushed army patrols, assassinated politicians, laid land mines and hijacked airplanes. Colombians driving outside towns and cities faced the risk of being kidnapped at guerrilla roadblocks. 

In 2002, the FARC, had a “violent presence” in 70 percent of the nation’s municipalities, according to CERAC. Many of the FARC’s leaders have multi-million dollar rewards put on their heads by the U.S. government, which considers them a terrorist group.

Finance Minister Mauricio Cardenas has said that Colombia will enjoy a “peace dividend” that will add a full percentage point to economic growth. The more secure environment will allow the grassland east of the Andes to be opened up to more high-tech agriculture, according to the government, while energy companies such as Ecopetrol gain from not having their pipelines blown up.

 

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Colombia reached a final peace agreement with Marxist rebels, who will form a legal political party, signaling an end to a conflict which has left hundreds of thousands of dead and millions displaced during five decades of bloodshed.The deal "ratifies the FARC's commitment...
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2016-22-24
Wednesday, 24 Aug 2016 09:22 PM
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