At its peak, the overall territory of British colonies exceeded 90 times that of England itself. Britain did not intend to make China her colony. But the Chinese government forbade English merchants to sell opium in China.
What insolence! So Britain waged two "opium wars" in China and forced its government to permit the sale of English opium in the country.
Before 1945, Japan had been successfully conquering China, but after the United States obtained "atom bombs" and dropped two of them on Japan, the latter "surrendered conditionally."
And the moral is that what ensured a country's military victory was the superiority of its weapons. Created in the 60-odd years between 1880 and 1945 were weapons that only the authors of sci fi novels could imagine. The word "machine gun" appeared in the English language in 1906. Kipling wrote that "we" (the British) would win because "we" have machine-guns, and "they" ("our enemies") have not. Machine-guns? Good heavens! What about military aviation, tanks, submarines, and last but not least, nuclear weapons in 1945?
If this was the case in the 60-odd years between 1880 and 1945, what about the 60-odd years between 1946 and 2007? Surely the very rate of development of science and technology increases exponentially!
China, which Britain once forced, by two "opium wars," to permit its population to buy opium, is now a dictatorship with unlimited opportunities to channel its world's biggest human resources into the militarily promising fields of science and technology, and to invite to live and work in China all foreigners who promise to be scientists or technologists of genius in those new fields of science and technology.
In 1938 to 1945, those European men of genius in nuclear physics came to the United States because it had become clear to them that their careers and their lives in Nazi and Fascist countries were over.
The United States had these men of genius owing to the German and Italian persecution of Jews, while the China dictators' way is to create the world's best living and working conditions in China for all outstanding foreign scientists and technologists in all militarily promising fields.
The geostrategic goal? To make the United States surrender unconditionally as did Japan in 1945 when it had become clear to Japan that the United States had (to intone Kipling's machine-guns) nuclear weapons and Japan had not.
The instant victory over Japan would have been exactly the same if the United States had been a benighted dictatorship like Hitler's Germany, or Soviet Russia, or China today, while Japan had been the world's most democratic and constitutional country.
On June 3, 2007, CNN presented to its audiences the debate in New Hampshire of eight Democratic presidential contenders for 2008, and on June 5, the debate of 10 Republican presidential contenders, so that altogether we saw and heard 18 presidential candidates for the 2008 elections.
The official definition of the political system of the United States is "a constitutional republic" and that of Great Britain "a constitutional monarchy." The word "democratic" is also officially applicable to the United States, since every American (psychiatrically healthy) adult has the right to vote (universal suffrage).
In England, universal suffrage had not existed before the 20th century, but even today CNN's debate of 18 presidential candidates would be impossible, since the prime minister is elected by his or her party, whose members are elected in general elections to Parliament.
That is, a democratic and constitutional form of government is not only a new young form, but it differs even in Britain and in the United States of America.
According to an official reference book, in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the prime minister is only the head of government who can be made to resign, while the head of state is the king or queen. True, his or her rule was constitutionally restricted by Magna Carta way back in 1215. Yet he or she is identified even in an official reference book with his or her country that he or she cannot betray or deceive, for that would mean to betray or deceive himself or herself.
On the other hand, the president of the United States is only a temporary federal official. Every year about 400 U.S. federal officials are convicted by courts for abusing of their office for their own interests. Yet Clinton was impeached, but could not be convicted because two-thirds of the Senate votes are required for the conviction, and the Democrats refused to vote for the conviction of a Democratic president.
The young democratic and constitutional form of government survived from 1980 to 1945 since it developed simultaneously with the Industrial Revolution in the West. Ironically, China rejected it since it led to machine standardization, while China strove to preserve individual creativity in crafts, artistry, skillful artisanship.
What about the past 60-odd years?
What protects the West?
Let us listen to the 18 presidential candidates. Each group spoke for two hours, that is, four hours, or 240 minutes in all. How much time did they speak about China, about geostrategy, about weapons?
Democrats spoke for two minutes or so about the need to seek China's help for softening the harsh rule of the "president" (dictator) of Darfur in western Sudan, since China exports 80 percent of Darfur's oil, and if China refused, the United States should boycott the 2008 Olympics in Beijing.
Image the fear of the dictator Hu Jintao! He must have had a sleepless night! Hitler had perfect Olympics in 1936. And here the USA would boycott the Beijing Olympics!
A Republican spent about 30 seconds for calling to stop China's cheating on currency in trade. Altogether two minutes 30 seconds were spent on China, or about 1% of the time of the debate. The rest of the time?
All those platitudes about Iraq, Iran, illegal "immigrants," English as a single official language, abortion, global warming, God vs. evolution, etc., etc., etc.
How can the United States survive if none of its 18 presidential candidates recalled in the debate that China is the biggest dictatorship in recorded history, helped by Putin's Russia scientifically and technologically, and that the West is aware of only those military developments in China that it is impossible for China to conceal (such as China's destruction by a missile of one of China's old weather satellites). But what about the research going on in the Chinese laboratories, cut deep into rock mountains?
Are not the dictators of China developing today's equivalent of nuclear weapons of 1945, which will force the West to surrender unconditionally as Japan did in 1945?
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