Tags: hypoglycemia | diabetes | hormones | insulin

What is Reactive Hypoglycemia?

By Wednesday, 30 November 2016 04:26 PM Current | Bio | Archive

In simple terms, reactive hypoglycemia concerns how the pancreas reacts to sugar and high-glycemic carbohydrates.

When we ingest sugar, it enters the bloodstream and special insulin-producing cells in the pancreas detect and respond to the level of sugar in the blood.

These pancreatic cells secrete an appropriate amount of the hormone insulin to allow the sugar to enter cells throughout the body.

Normally, this very exacting process brings the blood sugar level back to normal, or only slightly below normal.

This keeps our cells, tissues, and organs supplied with adequate amounts of glucose, and therefore, energy.

Diabetes results when either there is not enough insulin available (Type 1 diabetes) or when the insulin is not working and glucose is not able to pass through the cell’s membrane (insulin resistance or Type 2 diabetes).

In a great number of people, too much insulin is released, driving blood sugar too low. This we call reactive hypoglycemia. It probably happens in most people on occasion.

It is also possible that the insulin receptors on the cells’ membranes are overly sensitive. In that case, even normal amounts of insulin would produce a hypoglycemic effect.

This explains cases in which blood sugar was onlyslightly below normal but a person experiences all the symptoms of severe hypoglycemia.

The real problem with this insulin control system occurs when such overreactivity of insulin release becomes a regular occurrence.

Consumption of large amounts of insulin-stimulating sugar, high-glycemic carbohydrates, and even some amino acids can condition the pancreas to be progressively more and more sensitive — each time releasing larger amounts of insulin.

Some complex carbohydrates, which we call high-glycemic carbohydrates, can act just like sugar, stimulating excessive insulin release.

Various things in a person’s diet — such as the amount of fat — can alter the pancreas’ insulin-releasing reaction.

Fat slows the absorption of carbohydrates and sugars from the intestines, reducing the chance of excessive insulin release.

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In simple terms, reactive hypoglycemia concerns how the pancreas reacts to sugar and high-glycemic carbohydrates.
hypoglycemia, diabetes, hormones, insulin
Wednesday, 30 November 2016 04:26 PM
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