Tags: vertigo | causes | position | symptoms

What Causes Vertigo?

Thursday, 10 April 2014 12:13 AM

A sense of spinning and illusion of movement caused by the malfunctioning vestibular system are some of the symptoms of vertigo. The vertigo symptoms include a general feeling of dizziness or spinning, even when the person’s position is perfectly still. It is often caused by a change in the position of the affected person’s head. General movement like rolling over in bed causes worsening of the symptoms. People with vertigo have often described symptoms such as swaying, spinning, or being pulled to one direction, losing position.
The symptoms are different from the usual fainting or lightheadedness. Many people have also experienced symptoms of headache, ringing in the ears, hearing loss, sweating, vomiting, nausea, and a balance or position disorder, which causes difficulties not only while walking but also while standing. Symptoms can last a few minutes to a few hours, and can come and go. 
Vertigo, which causes uncomfortable position while walking or standing, affects around 30 percent of the population and can be classified into a common medical disorder; it is more prevalent in people over 40 and in women, twice the number as men. There are many causes and many symptoms of vertigo.
What Are the Causes of Vertigo?
There are two major types of causes — central and peripheral. The central vertigo occurs in the head or spinal cord and the peripheral type occurs in the inner ear. An illness or other causes like stones may lead to inflammation in the inner ear and ultimately to vertigo. In BPPV (benign paroxysmal positional vertigo), a spinning sensation is felt if the position of the head is changed. 
What Are the Risk Factors for Vertigo?
Often, head injuries are the cause of vertigo. Antiseizure medications, antidepressants, blood pressure medications, and aspirin can also be causes of vertigo; actually these causes increase the risk of a stroke. In addition, diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking, and alcohol (in some cases) can also increase the risk. Imbalance in position continuing for more than few days, or the condition accompanied by the lack of coordination in a particular side of the body can be caused by the stroke. In case of position imbalance, immediate medical consultation is recommended.
What Is the Treatment for Vertigo?
Treatment for vertigo depends on its symptoms and causes. In most cases, vertigo symptoms subside without any treatment. Once the body and the neurological system is able to adapt to the inner ear changes, it sends messages to other parts of the body, thus maintaining position and redressing position imbalance, if any. Some of the effective treatments for peripheral vertigo include particle repositioning movements which should be performed by an experienced health care professional or a physical therapist.
Though some medications may provide some relief, they are not recommended as a cure for vertigo symptoms.  Other medications may be used to control the symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, or to induce sleep.
Can Vertigo Be Prevented?
Identifying the causes of vertigo and controlling risk factors of stroke may decrease the risk of developing central vertigo. This includes making sure the weight, cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood glucose levels are in optimal ranges. It is also advised to control your salt intake. A healthy diet without alcohol, smoking, exercise, and sufficient sleep can reduce the risks and control the causes of vertigo considerably.

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In vertigo, the malfunctioning of vestibular system causes dizziness and the illusion of spinning. As a result the patient loses balance and normal position and tends to fall. Vertigo symptoms include swaying and ringing sensation in the ears.
vertigo, causes, position, symptoms
Thursday, 10 April 2014 12:13 AM
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