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Testicular Cancer: Prognosis and Treatment

Monday, 31 Mar 2014 08:29 PM

Testicular cancer is a malignant cancer originating in the testicles or the male reproductive glands in the scrotum. Common symptoms of testicular cancer include abdominal pain and discomfort in the testicles. Symptoms may include a sudden fluid buildup in the scrotum. There are two main types of testicular tumors, seminomas and non-seminomas. Based on these types, treatments vary. People affected by symptoms are concerned about finding the survival rates of their particular type of tumor or seek its prognosis. Let us discuss the prognosis or rates of survival in cancer affecting the testicles, and a discussion on its various treatments.

 
Prognosis and Survival Rates for Testicular Cancer

Prognosis or the prognostic conditions for survival rates on testicular cancer are as follows:
  • The prognosis is excellent if the symptoms are mild and the stage of the cancer in the testicles is at Level 1. Here, the rate of survival is nearly 100 percent.
  • Prognosis is also good in the following conditions and symptoms. If one is suffering from a seminoma type of testicular cancer or its symptom, which has not spread to any other part apart from the lungs and if the patient has normal AFP blood rates, the rates of survival or prognosis for the survival rates is fair. In case of patients with non-seminoma cancer, with the tumor only present in the testicle and no metastasis has occurred, the person has a good survival rates.
  • Moderate prognosis condition occurs in case a seminoma tumor has spread to other organs and lymph nodes and if it has spread. In such seminomas, the survival rates are intermediate or moderate.
  • Poor prognosis conditions are visible in cases of testicular cancer if the non-seminoma has spread and affected the center of the chest. For tumors affecting the mediastinum, the survival rates are low.

 
Treatments for Testicular Cancer and its Symptoms

In case of symptoms of a tumor in the testicles, diagnosis and tests can confirm its malignant properties. Immediate treatments should follow any positive report to prevent the tumor from growing and to reduce symptoms. These are the various possible treatments for testicular cancer and its symptoms.
  • Chemotherapy: Anti-cancer drugs can treat some symptoms of testicular cancer. These are effective for some patients.
  • Surgery: Testicular treatments include surgical processes to remove the affected tissues. This process is viable if the tumor has not spread or in case of the early stages of the tumor.
  • Radiotherapy: These treatments utilize high beam radiation for eradicating the diseased cells. Radiation burns off cancerous tissues and cells, restricting their spread.
  • Even after a patient is considered disease-free, follow-up treatments are necessary to ensure that there is no recurrence of symptoms.

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Health-Wire
Testicles are male reproductive glands lying on the scrotum. Cancer originating there is called testicular cancer. Symptoms such as discomfort in the testicle or pain in the lower abdomen are common. Treatments depend on the condition as well as type of the tumor and stage of the particular cancer.
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2014-29-31
Monday, 31 Mar 2014 08:29 PM
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