Tags: testicular | cancer | radiation | pain | treatment

Treatments and Survival Rates for Testicular Cancer

Thursday, 10 April 2014 02:15 AM

Testicular cancer is mostly reported in young males. Testicular cancer causes uncontrolled cell growth in the testicular tissues. Though testicular cancer is the rarest form of cancers, it is diagnosed by doctors while looking for some lump and pain in the scrotum area. Testicular cancers can be painful or painless. Any lump in the testicles with or without pain should be diagnosed by an expert. Many other conditions represent with lump and pain in the testicle region.
Similar to other infections of the testis and scrotum, hydrocele and epididymitis can represent with swelling and pain. Pain in the groin or lower abdomen may be felt if cancer spreads to nearby structures. Sometimes hormonal disturbance in testicular cancer may be linked with breast pain.
Mainly two types of testicular cancers are described: seminomas and non-seminomas. Seminoma testicular cancers grow slower and are well-managed with radiation therapy. Non-seminoma testicular cancers are fast-growing and often metastasize to nearby organs, making the prognosis poor. Later stages of metastasis are linked with pain in the chest, breathing difficulty, and blood in sputum as well. Generally, CT scans and MRI can detect the cancer in the testicular area. They are also helpful in diagnosing the progress of the cancer.
In its early stages, testicular cancer is highly curable with surgery and various other treatments. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy treatments are continued after surgery. While seminomas respond to surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy treatments, non-seminomas are beaten only with surgery and chemotherapy treatments. Radiation and chemotherapy treatments can cause some side effects in testicular cancer. A newer treatment known as stem cell transplant is being tried in the treatment of testicular cancer. The stage of this disease decides the treatment option.
  • In Stage 0 or cancer in situ, doctors advice to watch and wait. Some tumor markers are estimated for progress, and based on them surgery or radiations are planned.
  • In Stage 1, surgery followed by radiations or chemotherapy are planned. Radiations are given to the lymph nodes at the back of the abdomen. Radiations are necessary in very small doses in this stage. Radiations therapy is ineffective for Stage 1 non-seminomas and surgical treatment and chemotherapy are the only options.
  • In Stage 2, surgery and radiations are prescribed just as in Stage 1. However, here radiations treatment is given in higher doses. In Stage 2, surgical treatment of the testicle and related lymph nodes is done.
  • Stage 3 seminomas and non-seminomas are well managed with surgical treatment followed by chemotherapy. Then seminomas are watched and radiations or chemotherapy is used based on the levels of tumor markers. In Stage 3 non-seminomas, chemotherapy rather than radiation treatment is preferred.
You should not take a lump (with pain or without pain) in the testicles lightly, and should go for an expert opinion.

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Testicular cancers present with swelling in the testicles with or without pain. Surgery, radiation treatment, and treatment with chemotherapeutic agents are able to manage it.
testicular, cancer, radiation, pain, treatment
Thursday, 10 April 2014 02:15 AM
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