Tags: subdural hematoma | treatments | prognosis | brain

Subdural Hematoma: Treatments and Prognosis

Monday, 28 April 2014 11:54 PM

Subdural hematoma is a condition in which blood collects outside the brain. Severe injuries in the head can cause subdural hematoma. In this condition, blood collects between layers of tissue surrounding the brain. Bleeding does not occur inside the brain but is likely outside the brain. Pressure on the brain increases with the accumulation of blood and the brain may also swell.
The condition of subdural hematoma can be life-threatening because of the increased pressure on the brain along with bleeding. This is an emergency condition. Though some cases of subdural hematoma resolve spontaneously, others need treatments such as medications for dissolving the clots or surgical drainage. Some symptoms of subdural hematoma are listed as follows:
  • Confusion
  • Weakness
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Seizures
  • Nausea
  • Apathy
  • Change in behavior
Prognosis of Subdural Hematoma
Prognosis of subdural hematoma depends upon the location and the type of injury in the head. The quantity of blood that may have collected is also one of the factors that can determine the prognosis. The prognosis of subdural hematoma can depend on how quickly treatments for rectifying the condition begin. Prognosis of the acute form of subdural hematoma is that it is a challenging condition. Risks of death and injury are considered to be higher in such a prognosis.
In comparison, prognosis of sub-acute and chronic subdural hematoma has better outcomes. In these cases, symptoms disappear once the accumulated blood is drained through treatments. Prognosis of subdural hematoma also shows a high frequency of seizures following the drainage. Risk of seizures is likely at the time of formation of hematoma according to the prognosis. This prognosis of risk may remain up to months or years following the subdural hematoma. However, the seizures can be controlled using medication.
Treatments of Subdural Hematoma
Medicines can be the first line of treatments used for hematoma. Medicinal treatments depend upon the type of hematoma and the severity of the brain injury. Treatments for reducing swelling use corticosteroids and diuretics. Seizures can be prevented using anti-convulsion medicinal treatments. Phenytoin is one of the medicines used for hematoma treatments.
Emergency surgery is among the effective hematoma treatments. Surgical treatments are beneficial in reducing pressure on the brain. In these treatments, a small hole is drilled into the skull to help drain the blood and reduce pressure on the brain. Craniotomy is the procedure followed to remove large hematoma.   

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Subdural hematoma is a condition of collection of blood outside the brain. Prognosis of subdural hematoma depends upon many factors including the type of injury and the location of injury. Medicine and surgery are among options used as treatments for hematoma.
subdural hematoma, treatments, prognosis, brain
Monday, 28 April 2014 11:54 PM
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