Tags: smoking | stroke | death | risk

Smoking After Stroke Triples Death Risk

Thursday, 30 Aug 2012 01:25 PM


Stroke patients who continue smoking increase their risk of death by three-fold, according to a new Italian study presented at a meeting of the European Society of Cardiology in Munich.
Lead researcher Furio Colivicchi, of San Filippo Neri Hospital in Rome, said the findings provide a strong argument for smoking-cessation programs to be included as a part of stroke rehabilitation and recovery care.
"It is well established that smoking increases the risk of having a stroke," said Colivicchi. "Quitting smoking after an acute ischemic stroke may be more effective than any medication in reducing the risk of further adverse events. However, on the other hand, our study shows that stroke patients resuming active smoking after leaving the hospital can raise their risk of dying by as much as three-fold."
For the study, cardiologists from San Filippo tracked 921 patients who reported being regular smokers before they were hospitalized after a stroke.
All patients stopped smoking while in the hospital and attended brief smoking-cessation sessions, but no nicotine replacement or other assistance was provided after they left the hospital.
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A year after being released from the hospital, 493 (53 percent) of the patients had resumed regular smoking, researchers found. Within a year 89 patients died, and with smokers three times more likely to be among them.
What’s more, the earlier a patient relapsed, the more likely he or she was to die within a year.
"In fact, those who resumed smoking within 10 days of leaving the hospital were five times more likely to die within a year than those who continued to abstain," said Colivicchi.
"The results of this study suggest that healthcare providers should take smoking cessation interventions more seriously, as recommended treatments are not making their way into practice. A successful program to help stroke patients quit smoking should take a comprehensive long-term approach, including individual counseling, post-discharge support and pharmacological treatment."





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Stroke patients who continue smoking increase their risk of death by three-fold.
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2012-25-30
Thursday, 30 Aug 2012 01:25 PM
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