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Mononucleosis Symptoms in Teens

Friday, 04 April 2014 01:30 AM

Mononucleosis is a viral disease with an incubation time of eight weeks. Mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus and has flu-like symptoms including fever, fatigue, and sore throat. This viral infectious disease is also called the kissing disease as it is transmitted from one person to other via saliva. Infectious mononucleosis is also called glandular fever. Teens in the age group of 15 to 19 suffer most from the flu-like symptoms of the viral disease mononucleosis. Let us list the symptoms of the viral infection mononucleosis in teens.

A Brief Note on Infectious Mononucleosis

The viral infectious mononucleosis or mono mainly affects teens due to two primary viruses – the Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus. However, Epstein-Barr causes about 85 percent of the disease with flu-like symptoms of fever, sore throat, and fatigue. Cytomegalovirus is noted as another primary cause of the viral mono in teens. Usually, infection begins with increasing levels of a particular type of mononuclear white blood cells as compared to other lymphocytes in the bloodstream. Though the flu-like symptoms of mononucleosis in teens caused by cytomegalovirus are similar to those caused by Epstein-Barr, in the case of cytomegalovirus, the sore throat symptom of the viral infection is rare or absent. This viral disease is contagious and transfers from an infected person to a healthy person via saliva.

Common Symptoms of Teen Mononucleosis

Early signs of mono in teens:
  • Early symptoms of viral infectious mono disease in teens are similar to flu symptoms.
  • Fever with shivering. The body temperature rises to 103 degrees and beyond.
  • Teens may get headaches, severe fatigue, and pain in the muscles.
  • Sore throat with swollen tonsils, a common flu symptom, is also seen in mono.
Other symptoms of mono in teens:
  • Apart from the common flu-like symptoms of mononucleosis, this viral infectious disease also causes some other symptoms in teens.
  • Swelling of lymph glands as the immune system fights against the virus.
  • There is swelling in the spleen, an important organ for the immune system. Enlargement of the spleen may be dangerous if the teens are actively engaged in sports or do heavy workouts, which may cause a rupture in the enlarged spleen and lead to complications.
Though the flu-like and other common symptoms of this viral disease appear in the early days of the infection, some teens might not exhibit any symptoms even when infected with mononucleosis.

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Mononucleosis is a viral disease that affects people, ages 10 to 35, especially teens. Also called the kissing disease, mono can be transferred via saliva when kissing an infected person. Main symptoms of this disease are similar to flu and include fever, sore throat, and fatigue.
Friday, 04 April 2014 01:30 AM
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