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Abnormal Liver Enzymes: What Does It Mean?

Wednesday, 09 April 2014 01:09 AM

Elevated liver enzymes are a common problem. Inflammation or damage of organ cells occurs due to elevated liver enzymes. Blood tests can confirm the condition of elevated liver enzymes. Damaged or injured cells can result in increased leakage of enzymes from the liver. This increase in the chemicals released from the cells of the liver is confirmed by laboratory tests.
Alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase are the most commonly found elevated liver enzymes. The increase in enzymes can be determined by a routine blood test. This increase is usually temporary in nature and does not cause any serious problems.
What is the Cause of Elevated Liver Enzymes?
Causes of an increase in the amount of enzymes can be best determined after analyzing the balance of the particular enzymes through a laboratory test. Treatment of elevated enzyme levels depends upon the precise cause of the increase. Patients should inform the doctor about any nutritional or herbal supplements they may be consuming. Some causes of the increase are listed as follows:
  • A side effect of some medications may be the cause of the increase.
  • Elevated triglycerides, gallstones, obesity, infection, or tumors can also result in this increase.
  • Autoimmune disorders and diabetes may be responsible for this increase.
  • Consumption of alcohol may be the cause of increased amount of enzymes being released. 
What Are the Symptoms of Elevated Liver Enzymes?
Symptoms of a damaged liver may start with a few signs and symptoms. Due to the increased amount of enzymes in the liver, health problems can occur. Severe symptoms may lead to health problems such as fatty liver disease, hepatitis, or cirrhosis. These severe symptoms may quickly worsen in later stages. Symptoms usually indicate that there is a huge strain on the organ. If the increase in enzymes is due to acute liver disease, the following symptoms may occur:
  • Nausea
  • Loss of sex drive
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain
  • Itchiness
  • Vomiting
  • Tenderness
  • Mental changes 
Signs and symptoms of an increase in liver enzymes may vary based upon specific diseases. Doctors can diagnose the problem after observing the associated symptoms and confirming them through tests. These signs and symptoms indicate the need to treat the liver.

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Elevated liver enzymes are a condition of increased leakage of chemicals i.e. liver enzymes through liver cells. This leads to symptoms of various health problems. Blood tests can determine the associated causes and symptoms.
Wednesday, 09 April 2014 01:09 AM
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