Diabetes is a condition that affects millions of Americans and people worldwide. Type 2 diabetes in particular is mostly caused by insulin resistance due to which there is an increased blood sugar level. Insulin resistance which gradually leads to Type 2 diabetes also causes improper glucose utilization from the diet and thus causes the symptoms of diabetes including increased blood sugar level.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that is circulated in the bloodstream and is involved in the metabolism and assimilation of glucose from our diet. Thus insulin helps regulate blood sugar by enabling the body cells to utilize glucose from the diet to perform their regular functions.
In the case of insulin resistance, the cells of our body become less and less receptive to the insulin that is produced by the pancreas. In other words, insulin resistance causes cells to not react to insulin properly and thus not carry out glucose metabolism from the diet properly. So, the cells do not take in proper amounts of glucose and break it down to perform regular functions of the body.
As in the case of most patients with Type 2 diabetes, the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas detect insulin resistance and improper glucose utilization and in turn produce greater quantities of insulin to make up for the insulin resistance and improper glucose metabolism.
Gradually, too much insulin is produced by the pancreas to make up for insulin resistance and improper glucose metabolism. Symptoms of overproduction of insulin are often overriding since the pancreas eventually fails to produce excess quantities of insulin that can overrun insulin resistance and restore proper digestion of diet, glucose metabolism, and blood sugar levels.
Due to insulin resistance, the pancreas is not able to produce adequate quantities of insulin needed by the body cells and eventually, the blood sugar level begins to increase as one of the first symptoms of diabetes.
Those with fatty liver, arteriosclerosis, higher blood pressure, and cholesterol exhibit symptoms of insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes much more than others since these are considered positive risk factors leading to blood sugar problems and diabetes over a period of time.
One of the first symptoms of insulin resistance is increased blood sugar levels noticed while fasting. In normal people, the glucose metabolism is regularized and an increase in blood sugar level occurs quickly after taking food and digestion occurs. In those with insulin resistance and diabetes, one can note the symptoms of high blood sugar levels in the blood sample taken even while they are fasting, when the glucose levels are usually regularized for people without diabetes.
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