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STDs: 5 Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Saturday, 12 April 2014 03:02 AM

Sexually transmitted diseases are very common and are the least discussed health hazards due to the social stigma associated with STDs. Because of this reason, most STDs often go undiagnosed. Unless severe symptoms are caused, patients usually abstain from discussing STDs with anyone. STDs very often present with mild symptoms like itching in private areas, which people tend to ignore. STDs are of many types like chlamydia, trichomoniasis, herpes, HIV, gonorrhea, syphilis, etc.
One of the most common STDs is chlamydia. Chlamydia is a bacteria present in the genital area. Mostly, chlamydia causes no harm or symptoms. Some very mild symptoms like burning sensation in the lower abdomen pain while passing urine is felt. Discharge from the genitals can also be one of the presenting symptoms. If screening and treatment are ignored, it can produce symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease. Some very mild symptoms like lower abdominal pain, burning urine, and discharge from the genitals are common in people with chlamydia. PCR test, a type of nucleic acid amplification test is done to confirm genetic material of chlamydia and is a very sensitive test for diagnosing chlamydia. Similarly, an ELISA test is done to confirm the presence of antibodies against chlamydia in the human immune system.
Another one of the common STDs is herpes infection. Herpes is a viral infection affecting a lot of organs. This infection can be caused by two varieties of herpes viruses, known as herpes simplex Type 1 and herpes simplex Type 2. Herpes genitalis is the name given to the STD due to herpes virus. A lot of people suffering herpes infection do not show any symptoms. The symptoms of herpes infection are sore around the genitals, fever, body ache, etc.

Trichomoniasis or trich is a protozoon-caused infection. Trichomonas symptoms differ from chlamydia and herpes as it is linked with clear or green-yellow-colored discharge. Common prevention measures will help control the spread of this STD.
Sometimes STDs have a serious cause like HIV. HIV is caused by human immunodeficiency virus 1 and 2. Prevalence of HIV/AIDS infection is very severe among black men. HIV is very common among people having more than one sexual partner. The immune system is compromised in HIV infections. The early symptoms of HIV are fever, sore throat, rash, and lymph gland swelling, all of which can be quite confusing to diagnose. HIV patients are usually diagnosed by blood tests. Education on safe sex can prevent people from contacting HIV/AIDS, syphilis, chlamydia, etc. Safe sex practices were actually thought about and researched after cases of HIV/AIDS epidemic were reported. Many antiviral drugs have now managed to control this HIV infection and improved the survival rate of patients.
The fifth most common STD is gonorrhea. This is caused by neisseria gonorrhea bacteria and presents with symptoms like pus discharge from the genitals, burning sensation while passing urine, and testicular pain. PCR test is able to diagnose this infection effectively. Very strong antibiotics are recommended as resistance to antibiotics is very common in this disease.

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Sexually transmitted diseases are common, but are the least discussed problems due to the social stigma associated with them. Chlamydia, herpes, and other deadly HIVs all are types of STDs.
herpes, chlamydia, std, hiv, symptoms
Saturday, 12 April 2014 03:02 AM
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