Tags: glaucoma | diagnosis | ophthalmology | eye pressure | testing

Primary Congenital Glaucoma: How Is It Diagnosed?

Thursday, 01 May 2014 11:23 PM

Primary congenital glaucoma is also abbreviated as PCG. This eye disease affects children up to the age of 3. Primary congenital glaucoma is a glaucoma that causes damage to the optic nerve and affects the eye. This type of glaucoma is rare and is believed to affect 1 in every 10,000 infants.
Primary congenital glaucoma is also considered to cause childhood blindness. Increased eye pressure is one of the major causes of this type of eye disease. There is increased eye pressure caused by resistance to the flow of circulation of fluid in the eye. Eye fluid is required for maintaining accurate eye pressure. Causes of this type of glaucoma are not completely known.
Diagnosis of Primary Congenital Glaucoma  
There may not be any sign of glaucoma in the earlier stages. Babies born with this type of glaucoma are usually diagnosed with this disease between the age of 3 and 6 months. Diagnosis and testing of this glaucoma can be as late as the age of 3 years as the baby grows. If diagnosis of this disease is done early, vision problems in the future can be prevented.
Diagnosis of primary congenital glaucoma is done through complete eye testing. Eye testing is difficult for small children. Hence, the diagnosis procedure is conducted in an operating room. Diagnosis is performed under general anesthesia. This diagnosis is performed only after the possibility of all other eye disease or conditions has been ruled out. Diagnosis of primary congenital glaucoma includes measuring eye pressure. A thorough examination and testing of all parts of the eye is part of the diagnosis. The diagnosis may include taking pictures of the eye for testing and proper diagnosis.
The standard procedure followed for eye testing is called ophthalmology. Ophthalmology testing is devised for infants as well as children. Pediatric ophthalmology has tests for determining asymmetry between the eyes. Intraocular pressure may also be measured in pediatric ophthalmology testing.
Ophthalmology has tests to determine abnormalities in the iris, cornea, and lens. Refraction can be performed after dilation in pediatric ophthalmology testing. Careful examination of the optic nerve for any kind of asymmetry and abnormality is also conducted as part of pediatric ophthalmology. Anterior segment exam in the pediatric ophthalmology testing examines the abnormality in the corneal diameter. Clarity of the cornea is also taken into account in pediatric ophthalmology.  

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Primary congenital glaucoma is an eye disease caused in children up to 3 years of age. Increased eye pressure is the major cause of this type of glaucoma. Early diagnosis can help prevent vision loss. Pediatric ophthalmology has standard testing procedures that can help diagnose it.
glaucoma, diagnosis, ophthalmology, eye pressure, testing
Thursday, 01 May 2014 11:23 PM
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