Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are collectively termed inflammatory bowel disease. While Crohn’s disease can cause ulceration in the large intestine and the small intestine and affect other parts of the digestive tract, ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory condition that affects only the colon. Among the most common symptoms are abdominal pain, weight loss, and diarrhea. Night sweats, rectal bleeding, fever, and poor appetite are among the less common symptoms. Some patients do exhibit symptoms like arthritis or skin rash. There is no established cure, yet alternative therapies such as the New Day’s therapies have made treatment possible. These treatments range from treating people suffering from the disease or inflamed intestines through proper diet and nutrition, medication, stress management therapies and surgery. The best treatments of Crohn’s disease begin with diet and nutrition.
Identification of early symptoms makes it vital to start treatment, manage stress, and improve diet. This can prevent complications such as ulcers, tissue damage, or blockage of the intestine. Treatments for Crohn’s disease and colitis are similar and involve diet and nutrition.
A healthy and balanced diet has great importance in treating Crohn’s disease and benefits the treatment of colitis. A diet containing enough calories, nutrients, and protein is recommended for patients of Crohn’s disease or colitis. Drinking adequate quantities of water and proper diet are advisable for ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease. Patients are advised not to follow diets that include lactose-rich dairy products. They should avoid high fiber and fried foods. Along with a balanced diet, doctors may also prescribe extra nutrient supplements including vitamin B12, vitamin D, calcium, and iron supplements.
Drug and medication treatment begins after identifying early symptoms of Crohn’s disease and colitis. It can reduce the complications possible due to IBD. Medicines treat the major symptoms of Crohn’s disease such as diarrhea. Medications are also available for the treatment of various other symptoms including fiber supplements like citrucel and metamucil. Acetaminophen treats symptoms such as mild pain caused by Crohn’s disease or colitis. Drugs like aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, and azathioprine are other drugs for IBD that your doctor may prescribe.
Biological therapy is another effective drug therapy for severe symptoms of Crohn’s disease that have harshly affected the intestine or other parts of the digestive tract. This treatment uses drugs like infliximab, adalimumab, certolizumab, and natalizumab. These strong medications prevent the immune system from attacking the harmless bacterial flora, safeguard the intestines and other parts of the digestive tract, and reduce the severity of symptoms and resultant complications of Crohn’s disease and colitis. Stelara is a new medication for the treatment of severe symptoms. It helps prevent inflammation of the intestine and shows beneficial effects within six weeks.
A stressful life might worsen conditions for people suffering from Crohn’s disease or colitis. Therefore, apart from proper diet and drugs, stress management therapies are advisable. These are an effective treatment to control symptoms.
In case the medical and other therapies for IBD fail, a surgical resection of the affected bowel or intestine becomes necessary. The three main types of surgeries used as a treatment are strictureplasty, resection, and colectomy. Strictureplasty assists in opening of strictures in the intestines. Resection for IBD removes the damaged part of the bowel. A colectomy for Crohn’s disease and colitis removes the inflated portion of the colon.
With the aforementioned treatment procedures, lifestyle changes, and balanced diet, you can control the symptoms of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Treatment of an affected intestine, colon, or any other part of digestive tract should always be under the guidance of your medical practitioner.
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