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An Overview of Masked Hypertension

Monday, 10 Mar 2014 01:58 AM

Masked hypertension is a risky clinical condition equivalent to the risk of extremely high blood pressure. In normal conditions, any severe hypertension can be detected using the blood pressure level. However, in case a patient suffers from masked hypertension or MH, the blood pressure actually remains equivalent to the high blood pressure level in a hypertensive condition but the BP level in normal office measurements appears normal at 140/90mm. In such a masked condition of hypertension, the blood pressure remains high out of the doctor’s office. The danger of MH can be prevented by checking the blood pressure equipment regularly.

Let us discuss the various categories of factors for masked hypertension or the masked high blood pressure level, along with the principles and steps patients suffering from MH can follow including the proper diet, restricting unhealthy diets, and other normal guidelines.

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Conditions or Factors of Masked Hypertension

The factors that might cause masked hypertension can be segregated into two normal types. In the first normal category, masked high blood pressure can be checked as one where the clinic or office blood pressure is lower than the normal home blood pressure. In the second category of MH, the office BP is higher than the ambulatory or home blood pressure level. The normal relevant diet, avoiding unsafe diet, proper diagnosis, and proper patient management are essential to prevent masked hypertension.
 
Causes of Masked Hypertension

Among the varied causes of masked high blood pressure, normal causes include:
  • The regular use of life stressors like nicotine, alcohol, and contraceptive pills (in women) cause or influence MH.
  • Some behavioral factors leading to masked hypertension include sedentary habits.
  • People suffering from any cardiovascular issues or kidney diseases or diabetes might also have increased blood pressure, which may remain masked over time and cause ill effect later.
Proper Patient Management for Maintaining Normal Blood Pressure in MH

In normal conditions, it is essential for a patient of MH to monitor home blood pressure daily.

Proper diet is of the utmost importance in maintaining normal blood pressure in a patient suffering from masked high BP. A rich diet constituting of vitamin C, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and soluble fibers is essential. Fruits and vegetables are most preferred diet for MH patients. Whole diets cereals, whole-meal bread, oatmeal, etc. are recommended for patients. Any diet that includes salmon or other fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids is beneficial for controlling high blood pressure.
 
There are also some restrictions in the diet for patients suffering from MH. The restricted diets include fried and processed foods, along with diets with high sodium chloride constituents like salt, caffeine etc.
 
Including exercise and meditation in the lifestyle helps in reducing the high blood pressure and thus protects the patient with masked hypertension from any fatal situations. A healthy lifestyle in normal conditions can control the blood pressure level.

These steps can prevent the risk caused by high blood pressure and ensure the safety of any patient with masked hypertension.

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Masked hypertension or MH is a clinical condition where a person’s blood pressure level counted in the doctors’ office is 140/90mm, while the actual home BP level is hypertensive. MH can actually cause severe strokes in patients with high BP level and may be a cause of death.
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2014-58-10
Monday, 10 Mar 2014 01:58 AM
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