Tags: back surgery | disc | risks | prognosis | pain

Back Surgery: Risks and Prognosis

Monday, 28 April 2014 01:24 AM

Back pain is common with aging, trauma, and pressure on the back or the spine. Usually, pain begins with a herniated disc in the back. Discs of the spine act as cushions or shock absorbers of the spine. These discs are usually cushioned and spongy. When there is damage to the spongy discs, back pain arises, especially lower back pain. This necessitates treatment to reduce the pain. People may need back surgery to eradicate severe back pain. Though there are good reasons for seeking surgery in case of severe back pain that cannot be controlled by nonsurgical treatments, the procedure involves some risks. It is prudent to assess the prognosis and the risks involved with the surgery before opting for back surgery for relieving pain. Let us understand various risks and the prognosis of back surgery.

What Is a Herniated Disc?

Discs in the lower back act as shock absorbers and protect the spine from any severe shock. These are spongy and cushioned. A damaged or deformed disc is called herniated. This results in lower back pain.

Back Surgery: Prognosis and Risks

Back surgery is undertaken for treating severe back pain, which cannot be treated by nonsurgical processes. However, this condition is rare and happens to 1 in 10 patients facing back pain. In this surgical procedure, the herniated discs are cleared by surgery. Several choices such as discectomy, percutaneous discectomy, and laminectomy are available for back surgery.
These choices necessitate evaluating prognosis and risks of any treatment procedure. Among prognosis and risks, let us first evaluate the risks involved before proceeding to the prognosis.
Main risks involved with surgical treatment of herniated discs:
  • There are risks of bleeding and infections caused during or by the back surgery performed for treating back pain.
  • There are risks of recurrent herniation after back surgery or treatment for herniated disc.
  • Heart attacks and strokes can occur during back surgery.
  • There are chances of nerve damage that may cause paralysis, sexual dysfunctions, and pain.
  • There can also be risks of blood clots forming in the legs or lungs. 
Nonetheless, despite these risks in treating a damaged disc in the back to get rid of back pain, certain positives support back surgery in cases of severe back pain that do not respond to nonsurgical treatment. Both the risks and benefits can be best evaluated after studying the prognosis on back surgery.
The prognosis on back surgery examines the benefits of discectomy and evaluates whether there are increased chances of further risks that may follow the surgery. The ability to perform normal physical activities, remain physically fit and productive are some of the main benefits of this back surgery. The prognosis on back surgery is that discectomy has a 90 to 95 percent success rate in patients undergoing the treatment. However, there are higher chances of further complications, and there may be a recurrence of the condition. With this recurrence, there are further chances of risks.
Knowing the prognosis, benefits, and risk factors of back surgery can help you decide whether you should opt for this treatment or seek alternative remedies.

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Lower back pain occurs due to many reasons like aging, trauma, and strenuous physical activities. These pains usually ease in a few days, but in some cases, they persist. Herniated discs in the back cause back pain. It requires surgical treatments called back surgery.
back surgery, disc, risks, prognosis, pain
Monday, 28 April 2014 01:24 AM
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