Tags: apnea | sleep | carb | crave

Apnea Tied to Carb Cravings

Friday, 15 Jun 2012 01:20 PM




Those late-night refrigerator raids may have a scientific explanation, at least for some people. New research has found diabetics who have sleep apnea may have greater cravings for carbohydrates.
The study, conducted by Sleep and Wellness Medical Associates in Hamilton, N.J., found that in a small group of clinic patients, the risk for sleep apnea was high among diabetics compared with non-diabetics, and that it appeared to be associated with carb craving.
Researchers, who presented their findings at the 26th annual meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies in Boston this week, suggested primary care physicians screen for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with type 2 diabetes.
"This study provides an indication of the magnitude of the associated risk between sleep apnea and self-reported carbohydrate craving in the diabetic population," said investigator Mahmood Siddique, of the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School in New Brunswick, N.J.
"Previous studies have shown that sleep deprivation may lead to changes in hormones that regulate appetite and hunger. These hormonal changes can lead to significant craving for high-calorie carbohydrates such as cookies, candy, breads, rice and potatoes. The current study supports previous findings by validating this in a community sample of diabetics."
The research is one of the first clinic-based studies to link OSA and self-reported carbohydrate craving among patients with type 2 diabetes.
Lead researcher Dr. Anthony Cannon, American Diabetes Association regional president for central and southern Pennsylvania and southern New Jersey, said the findings should change clinical guidelines for doctors who treat diabetics.
"The management of patients with diabetes and or metabolic syndrome based solely on pharmacotherapy, exercise and nutritional modifications without taking into account the risk of sleep apnea may not lead to optimal outcomes for patients suffering from these chronic diseases," he said. "Clearly, a greater awareness among physicians is needed, as sleep apnea is often undiagnosed by primary care physicians. Public policy can play a key role in the educational awareness of the association between sleep apnea and diabetes among both physicians and patients."

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Diabetics with sleep apnea may have greater cravings for carbohydrates.
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2012-20-15
Friday, 15 Jun 2012 01:20 PM
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