Tags: aortic | heart valve replacement | prognosis | recovery | heart

What Is an Aortic Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?

Wednesday, 30 April 2014 12:35 AM

Aortic heart valve replacement is a kind of an open-heart surgery that is conducted to treat problems related to the aortic valve of the heart. Aortic heat valve replacement may need to take place for two different reasons.
  • Aortic stenosis: When the aortic valve becomes narrow and hinders blood flow.
  • Aortic regurgitation: When there is leakage in the aortic valve and the blood flows into the left ventricle of the heart. 
Aortic heart valve replacement is done by making a cut in the chest region to gain access to the heart. The heart is then stopped and the patient is put on a bypass to continue blood circulation. An artificial valve replaces the aortic valve. After this, the heart is restarted and the chest is stitched back together.
Prognosis of Heart Valve Replacement

The prognosis of heart valve replacement highly depends on how severe the problem is. If the problem is in its early stages, then the prognosis will be to resort to medication. In case it reaches extreme conditions, then the heart valve replacement surgery becomes a must.

An alternative prognosis to heart valve replacement is transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Instead of making an incision in the chest, this prognosis involves guiding the replacement valve in place through the blood vessels. Another alternative prognosis is aortic valve balloon valvuloplasty. In this prognosis, a balloon is used to widen the valve. The last alternative prognosis is sutureless aortic valve replacement. This prognosis does not require the valve to be kept in place using stitches, so that the time spent on the heart lung machine can be reduced.
Recovery from Heart Valve Replacement

After heart valve replacement, the patient will be admitted in the ICU to monitor recovery. The patient will be kept asleep and be made to breathe through a ventilator. The recovery time after a heart replacement surgery will vary from one person to another. The recovery time will depend upon a few factors including age, overall fitness, and the health of the patient before the surgery.
The patient may feel that going home will hinder recovery but there are a few symptoms that are a part of the recovery. The recovery symptoms are loss of appetite, insomnia, constipation, etc. Recovery is a very important part of the heart valve replacement surgery. The health of the patient will depend upon his or her recovery.

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An aortic heart valve replacement surgery is conducted to replace a valve in the aorta with an artificial one. This is done to improve the functioning of the heart. There are other alternative methods also to do the same.
aortic, heart valve replacement, prognosis, recovery, heart
Wednesday, 30 April 2014 12:35 AM
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