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Shift Work Linked to Heart Attacks

Thursday, 26 Jul 2012 12:15 PM

Shift work, which disrupts the body clock (circadian rhythm), has long been associated with health problems including diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol, but its link with vascular disease has been less clear. But a new study published on bmj.com, found that shift work is associated with an increased risk of major vascular problems, such as heart attacks and strokes.
The study is the largest analysis of shift work and vascular risk to date, and it has implications for public policy and occupational medicine, say the authors.
In the study, a team of international researchers analyzed the results of 34 studies involving over 2 million individuals to investigate the association between shift work and major vascular events. Shift work was defined as evening shifts, irregular or unspecified shifts, mixed schedules, night shifts, and rotating shifts. Control groups were non-shift (day) workers or the general population.
Differences in study design and quality were taken into account to minimize bias.
Among the 2,011,935 people in the studies more than 17,359 had some kind of coronary event, 6,598 had myocardial infarctions (heart attacks), and 1,854 had ischemic strokes caused by lack of blood to the brain. These events were more common among shift workers than other people: shift work was associated with an increased risk of heart attack (23 percent), coronary events (24 percent) and stroke (5 percent. These risks remained consistent even after adjusting for factors such as study quality, socioeconomic status and unhealthy behaviors in shift workers.
Night shifts were associated with the steepest increase in risk for coronary events (41 percent). However, shift work was not associated with increased death rates from any cause.
Although the relative risks were modest, the authors point out that the frequency of shift work in the general population mean that the overall risks are high. For Canada — where some of the study's authors are based and where 32.8 percent of workers were on shifts during 2008-9 — 7.0 percent of myocardial infarctions, 7.3 percent of all coronary events, and 1.6 percent of ischemic strokes could be attributed to shift work.
The authors say their findings have several implications. For example, they suggest screening programs could help identify and treat risk factors, such as high blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Shift workers could also be educated about symptoms that could indicate early heart problems.
Finally, they say more work is needed to identify the most vulnerable groups of shift workers and the effects of modifying shift patterns on overall vascular health.

© HealthDay

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A new study published on bmj.com, found that shift work is associated with an increased risk of major vascular problems, such as heart attacks and strokes.
Thursday, 26 Jul 2012 12:15 PM
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