Dr. Mehmet Oz is host of the popular TV show “The Dr. Oz Show.” He is a professor in the Department of Surgery at Columbia University and directs the Cardiovascular Institute and Complementary Medicine Program and New York-Presbyterian Hospital.

Dr. Mike Roizen is chief medical officer at the Cleveland Clinic Wellness Institute, an award-winning author, and has been the doctor to eight Nobel Prize winners and more than 100 Fortune 500 CEOs.

 

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Tags: Health Topics | protein | shake | atkins | diet

Dr. Oz: Get Your Protein Intake Right for a Health Boost

a woman tips her head back with eyes closed as she drinks a protein shake out of a shaker
(Frank May/AP)

By and
Monday, 20 May 2019 09:13 PM Current | Bio | Archive

Lately, the world seems obsessed with protein in the diet: protein waters and beverages; the protein-heavy paleo, keto, and Atkins diets; and protein-boosted packaged foods from pancake mix to chips.

But what exactly does protein do for you? Which sources are the healthiest? How much do you need?

Proteins are molecules made up of 20-plus building blocks called amino acids. Nine of them you must get from food in order for your body to make the protein it needs to function. These are called the "essential amino acids": histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine. They are found in foods such as soy, black beans, nuts, whole grains, fish, and poultry.

Here are a few things that protein does for your body:

  • It is a building block of muscle, bone, skin, hair — and almost every other part of your body.

  • It is used to produce enzymes that power all kinds of chemical reactions, such as what goes on when you digest proteins, fats, and carbs so they can be absorbed through your gut and used by your body.

  • Some help to turn certain genes on or off, so you can change your family history going forward.

  • Some help provide fuel (energy) to your body for stamina during physical activity.

  • It also helps create hormones, such as insulin, which is needed for regulation of blood sugar levels.

  • Finally, proteins help build antibodies that allow your immune system to fight off disease.

But if you have more protein than you need, it becomes a building block of fat cells. One study found a long-term high-protein diet was associated with weight gain when swapped out for healthful carbohydrates (but not when it replaced fat).

When you consume fresh foods, the protein you take in comes along with fats and/or carbs, micronutrients, minerals, and phytonutrients. Choose the right protein package and you will get a health-boosting bounty. The wrong one? Heart disease, some cancers, diabetes, and sexual dysfunction.

For example, 4 ounces of sockeye salmon serves up 30 grams of protein, about 1 gram saturated fat, and a good dose of omega-3 — which is an anti-inflammatory, heart-friendly fat.

A cup of lentils has 18 grams of protein and 15 grams of artery-clearing fiber, with no saturated fat.

On the other hand, one 12-ounce ribeye from a national chain steakhouse will give you 65 grams of protein along with 890 calories and 68 grams of fat (28 grams is sat fat) and many grams of amino acids that make the bacteria inside your intestines produce inflammatory, and very harmful, substances.

So here is our list of some great high-protein, healthy foods:

  • Legumes such as lentils, beans, peas, and peanuts.
  • Nuts and seeds, including almonds, walnuts, and flax seeds.
  • Whole grains, that is, wheat, millet, oats, teff, barley.
  • Veggies such as broccoli, asparagus, Brussels sprouts, and artichokes.
  • All fish, but the best is frozen salmon and sea trout.
  • Lean, skinless poultry.

There is a debate about how much protein your body needs or can use. The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) is just 0.8 grams protein per kilogram of body weight or around 7 grams for every 20 pounds. If you weigh 140, that equals 50 grams per day; 200 pounds equals 70 grams per day.

But some research indicates "the current RDAs substantially underestimate minimum protein requirements." And, say the scientists in a 2015 study in Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, "1.5 to 2.2 g/(kg.day) of high-quality protein constitutes a reasonable recommendation for adults as part of a complete diet."

Furthermore, the PROT-AGE Study Group suggested physically active people over age 65 should get at least 1.2 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. That is about 105 grams a day for a 150-pound person.

So we are pro protein for sure, but aim for the healthiest packages of proteins and combine it with a regular routine of physical activity 60 minutes a day five days a week, along with two 30-minute strength building sessions weekly.

© 2019 NewsmaxHealth. All rights reserved.

   
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Dr-Oz
Lately, the world seems obsessed with protein in the diet: protein waters and beverages; the protein-heavy paleo, keto, and Atkins diets; and protein-boosted packaged foods from pancake mix to chips.
protein, shake, atkins, diet
664
2019-13-20
Monday, 20 May 2019 09:13 PM
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