Peter Hibberd, M.D., is a doctor whose advice is based on more than 28 years of hospital outpatient and inpatient experience. He is an experienced emergency medicine physician, surgeon, and consultant. Dr. Hibberd is certified by the American Board of Emergency Medicine. He is also a fellow and active member of the American Academy of Family Physicians, an active member of the American College of Emergency Physicians, and a member and fellow of the American Academy of Emergency Medicine. Dr. Hibberd has earned numerous national and international professional certifications, memberships, and awards.
Tags: celiac | disease | gluten | test | diagnosis | blood | test

How is Celiac Diagnosed?

Tuesday, 12 June 2012 09:12 AM

Question: I keep reading so much about gluten and celiac disease. How does one get diagnosed with celiac disease?

Dr. Hibberd's answer:
Celiac disease is a digestive condition triggered by consumption of the protein gluten, which is primarily found in bread, pasta, cookies, pizza crust, and many other foods containing wheat, barley, or rye. People with celiac disease who eat foods containing gluten experience an immune reaction in their small intestines, causing damage to the inner surface of the small intestine and inability to absorb certain nutrients. This condition can cause abdominal pain and diarrhea. Eventually, the decreased absorption of nutrients (malabsorption) that occurs with celiac disease can cause vitamin deficiencies that deprive your brain, peripheral nervous system, bones, liver, and other organs of vital nourishment.
Blood tests can detect higher than normal levels of certain antibodies (anti-endomysium and anti-tissue transglutaminase) in people with celiac disease. To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor may want to examine a small portion of intestinal tissue to check for damage, or, your doctor may ask you to swallow a pill-sized capsule that contains a tiny camera. As the camera travels through your digestive tract, it takes thousands of images and sends them to a recorder you wear on a belt. Your doctor can review these pictures. The capsule leaves your body in your stool and can be flushed down the toilet.

© HealthDay

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Celiac disease and gluten intolerance are diagnosed through a blood test or a pill camera.
Tuesday, 12 June 2012 09:12 AM
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