Dr. Russell Blaylock, author of The Blaylock Wellness Report newsletter, is a nationally recognized board-certified neurosurgeon, health practitioner, author, and lecturer. He attended the Louisiana State University School of Medicine and completed his internship and neurological residency at the Medical University of South Carolina. For 26 years, practiced neurosurgery in addition to having a nutritional practice. He recently retired from his neurosurgical duties to devote his full attention to nutritional research. Dr. Blaylock has authored four books, Excitotoxins: The Taste That Kills, Health and Nutrition Secrets That Can Save Your Life, Natural Strategies for Cancer Patients, and his most recent work, Cellular and Molecular Biology of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Find out what others are saying about Dr. Blaylock by clicking here.
Tags: pollution | inflammation | memory | hippocampus

How Pollution Particles Enter the Brain

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Tuesday, 04 June 2019 04:23 PM Current | Bio | Archive

One of the entry routes for this pollution is through the nose.

A number of studies have shown that chemicals and particles — especially fine and ultrafine particles — can enter nerves in the nose and travel to the olfactory bulb, which is a structure in the front of the brain that is involved in olfaction, or the sense of smell.

From there, the particles enter the rest of the brain through the entorhinal cortex and hippocampus, both of which play major roles in learning, memory, and behavior.

Another direct route into the brain is by way of the cranial nerve that supplies sensation to the inside of the mouth and tongue; this is called the trigeminal nerve.

Particles and dissolved gases can follow the course of these nerves and enter the brain stem.

While those are major pathways directly to the brain, of even more concern is that air pollution can affect the brain by causing widespread inflammation throughout the body.

Studies have shown that exposure to inhaled air pollution, especially pollution containing fine and ultrafine particles, triggers inflammation deep within the lungs and can penetrate the bloodstream.

From there inflammation spreads throughout the body, generating immune chemical messengers called cytokines and chemokines, which can penetrate the brain.

This activates the brain’s immune system, which is controlled by cells called microglia.

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Dr-Blaylock
A direct route into the brain is by way of the cranial nerve that supplies sensation to the inside of the mouth and tongue; this is called the trigeminal nerve.
pollution, inflammation, memory, hippocampus
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2019-23-04
Tuesday, 04 June 2019 04:23 PM
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