Tags: viral meningitis | spinal | signs | symptoms | treatment

Signs and Symptoms of Viral Meningitis

Thursday, 10 April 2014 12:01 AM

When inflammation occurs in the lining around the spinal cord and the brain, it leads to viral meningitis. This happens because of the presence of viruses. Viral meningitis starts with symptoms when people feel stiffness in the neck, suffer from headache, etc.
The meninges covering the spinal cord and the brain get infected. The meninges are a series of membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. The dura mater, arachnoid mater, and the pia mater are the three levels of this membrane. These layers are responsible for nourishing and protecting the central nervous system. Any swelling in this membrane—covering the spinal cord and brain—due to a virus leads to the onset of viral meningitis. Understanding the signs and symptoms of viral meningitis can help identify it early and take effective treatment.

Other Signs and Symptoms of Viral Meningitis

A sudden breakout of fever, constant headaches, and stiffness in the neck are common signs of viral meningitis. Patients suffer from other signs and symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, altered mental states, and photophobia. Identifying these signs and symptoms is extremely important for proper treatment.
Infants, children, and adults can all show signs of viral meningitis. The symptoms of viral meningitis can be fatal. If you fear that you or your child is suffering from viral meningitis, you should contact a doctor at the earliest. The signs and symptoms of viral meningitis are different in adults and infants. Viral meningitis can be severe or fatal depending on factors such as the virus causing the infection, the age of the patient, and the strength of the immune system in the patient. Depending on these factors, the treatment can be effective, or the disease can even turn fatal.

Symptoms in infants include:
  • Onset of fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Irritability
  • Drowsiness
Symptoms in adults include:
  • High fever
  • Constant headaches
  • Stiffness in the neck
  • Irritability with bright lights
  • Drowsiness and trouble in waking up
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Loss of appetite
The symptoms of viral meningitis are known to last for a maximum of 10 days and patients who have good immune systems are known to recover completely through proper treatment.

Treatment Options for Vital Meningitis

There is no specific treatment for viral meningitis. Antibiotics are not at all helpful when it comes to treating viral infections and therefore they are of no use. Seven to 10 days is the time limit within which most patients recover back to normal and the signs start to diminish. Patients with weak immune systems may have to be hospitalized for complete treatment facility.
Treatment for reducing the signs of viral meningitis is mostly supportive in nature. Rest, hydration, anti-inflammatory medicines are recommended. Treatments may include injecting fluids through the veins and medications to treat the swelling in the brain and the spinal cord.

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Viral menigitis occurs in both infant and adults. There are various signs and symptoms that can help identify viral meningitis. The doctor conducts a few tests, the results of which help devise a treatment plan for the patient.
viral meningitis, spinal, signs, symptoms, treatment
Thursday, 10 April 2014 12:01 AM
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