Wall Street closed higher on hopes that the Federal Reserve may soon take it easier on its hikes to interest rates, with the S&P 500 gaining 1% Thursday.
Several reports painted a picture of a split U.S. economy. The job market remains remarkably solid, but manufacturing is weakening and shoppers of all kinds are feeling pressure.
Altogether, investors saw the data pushing the Fed toward not hiking rates at its next meeting in two weeks. That would be the first time that’s happened in more than a year. The Nasdaq composite led the market’s gains as Big Tech stocks climbed, with the index up 1.28% to 13,100.98.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average ended up 153 points, or 0.47%, at 33,061 It's full of technology companies and other high-growth stocks that tend to benefit most from lower rates. The S&P 500 gained 0.99% to end at 4,221.
One positive for the market came late Wednesday when the House of Representatives approved a deal to prevent a possibly catastrophic default on the U.S. government’s debt. But that was what Wall Street expected, and only a trip-up for the deal before it gets signed by President Joe Biden would likely cause big waves for stocks.
Markets are more concerned about whether the economy will fall into a recession before inflation recedes enough to convince the Federal Reserve to take it easier on interest rates.
Reports on Thursday gave a clouded view. One said that fewer workers applied for unemployment benefits last week than expected, while another suggested employers increased their payrolls last month by more than forecast.
That's good news for workers and the overall economy, which has been slowing under the weight of much higher interest rates. But a strong job market could also keep pressure up on inflation, pushing the Fed to keep rates high.
On the flip side, manufacturing is continuing to get hit hard, in part by higher interest rates. A report from the Institute for Supply Management said manufacturing shrank for a seventh straight month in May. The contraction was worse than both the prior month and what economists expected.
Following the reports, traders were largely betting on the Fed to hold rates steady at its next meeting in two weeks. That's something a Fed official a day earlier hinted may happen, though Fed Gov. Philip Jefferson also said that wouldn't necessarily mean the end to hikes.
After that, traders are split on whether the Fed will follow up with another hike to rates at its next meeting in July. That's key because high rates work to lower inflation by slowing the economy and hurting prices for stocks and other investments.
Tech and other high-growth stocks tend to get hit hardest by higher rates, and hopes for easier rates had several Big Tech companies leading the way higher on Wall Street.
Apple, Amazon and Meta Platforms all rose at least 1.5%, and their movements carry extra weight on the S&P 500 because they're some of the most valuable on Wall Street.
A report coming up on Friday could further sway the Fed and its chair, Jerome Powell. It's the U.S. government's comprehensive report on the job market.
For as much as Wall Street hopes the end to rate cuts is near, it may be getting ahead of itself, said JJ Kinahan, CEO of IG North America.
“The market’s been like a spoiled child,” he said. “Every six weeks, it stamps its feet and says, ‘Not this time!’ And every time, Powell says, ‘We’re going to continue to do this,' and the market says, ‘I can't believe they did this.’”
So far, the economy has held up despite a long list of worries because of a still-strong job market and resilient spending by consumers. But reports from several retailers are showing shoppers feeling more pressure.
Dollar General dropped 19% after it reported weaker profit and revenue for the latest quarter than analysts expected. It said the economic environment has been more challenging than it expected, and it cut its financial forecasts for the full year. It tends to cater to lower income households.
Macy's, which also owns Bloomingdale's stores, rose 0.6% after reporting better-than-expected profit but weaker revenue. It also slashed expectations for the year and said shoppers began to pull back starting in March. That trend seems to be afflicting retailers across the spectrum.
Some of the enthusiasm surrounding Wall Street's recnet frenzy around artificial intelligence also cooled.
C3.ai gave a forecast for revenue this upcoming fiscal year that failed to wow Wall Street like Nvidia’s did last week. C3.ai said it expects to make between $295 million and $320 million, versus analysts’ expectations of roughly $317 million.
C3.ai tumbled 13.9%, though it’s still up more than 210% so far this year. Nvidia rose 4.6%.
Also on the winning end was Hormel Foods, which rose 4.8% after reporting stronger profit for the latest quarter than expected. Its brands include Skippy, Spam and Applegate meats.
In the bond market, the yield on the 10-year Treasury fell to 3.60% from 3.65% late Wednesday. It helps set rates for mortgages and other loans that influence the economy’s strength.
The two-year Treasury yield, which moves more on expectations for the Fed, fell to 4.33% from 4.40%.
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