For months, U.S. President Joe Biden and Democrats touted a $3.5 trillion "Build Back Better" plan as a transformational piece of legislation that would reshape the world’s largest economy for decades to come.
They have spent recent days painfully deciding how to pare down parts of the plan, and which parts to scrap entirely as they seek to satisfy demands from within their own ranks to cut the size of the package.
Congressional and White House sources say that among the ideas now on the chopping block are:
* A $109 billion plan to provide free community college to all Americans;
* A $150 billion program to push utilities to switch to renewable energy.
* The highly touted child tax credit extension was slashed to one year, and paid family leave could be gutted as well, they say.
* Most significantly, a fundamental mechanism for paying it all, raising the corporate tax rate, is on ice, because Senator Kyrsten Sinema, a key swing-vote Democrat, is unlikely to support it.
Tradeoffs on Community College vs. Child Tax Credit?
Democrats say that the emerging compromise on Biden’s agenda still will create meaningful economic and climate-related changes, but the process seemed to be taking its toll this week. "I just want us to come up with a bill that can pass. That is where I am," Sen. Mazie Hirono told reporters Wednesday with a sigh.
The fate of Biden's pledge to provide free community college tuition for all Americans, arguing enrollment helps student gain skills and land well-paying job that boost incomes and U.S. competitiveness, shows the painful, sometimes personal tradeoffs involved.
Biden's wife, Jill Biden, is a community college professor who has been advocating for free community college since at least 2016. The president first made the pledge as a candidate in October 2019.
Like most elements of the plan, free community college was popular with voters. But it did not have the type of fever-pitched support that other elements enjoy in Congress.
“We had to make a decision between free community college and the child tax credit, and the child tax credit was just a higher priority,” a legislative aide told Reuters on Tuesday.
What About Paid Family Leave?
Paid family leave, a cornerstone of Biden’s economic agenda, and a topic some members of his women-heavy economic team have spent years advocating for, also faces severe cuts.
Biden’s initial plan called for providing up to 12 weeks of paid leave for new parents and caretakers for seriously ill family members, and compensating workers for at least two-thirds of their earnings.
Now the benefit could shrink to just a few weeks, alarming supporters who view this as the best chance to secure a crucial safety net for workers, particularly women.
Democrats are scrambling to come to an agreement on a climate plan after U.S. Sen. Joe Manchin, a moderate Democrat from West Virginia, opposed a centerpiece of the plan that would reward utilities that invest in renewable fuels and penalize those that do not.
Nuclear Power Tax Credit
Instead, Democrats are now considering a flurry of options, including boosting production tax credits for nuclear power and enhancing credits for carbon sequestration projects, according to three congressional sources involved in the discussions.
The $150 billion plan to decarbonize the nation's utility sector was widely considered the most effective way for Biden to reach his target of reducing carbon emissions by 50% come 2030. It would have helped Biden make the case for U.S. as a global leader on climate change during the upcoming United Nation's climate summit in Glasgow, Scotland, that starts Oct. 31, and eliminating it will sorely disappoint some supporters.
"Fundamentally, we need to invest in the decarbonization of the electric sector if we want to be taken seriously at Glasgow," said Jamal Raad, head of the Evergreen Action environmental group who has worked with Democratic lawmakers.
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