U.S. stocks rose Friday, paring the biggest weekly loss since April, as a rally in Amazon.com Inc. and EBay Inc. led an afternoon rebound from declines spurred by concern over financial stress in Europe.
EBay and Amazon.com gained amid optimism in the companies’ growth potential. Wells Fargo & Co. slipped after reporting per-share earnings that did not rise for the first time in 18 quarters. Fastenal Co. sank 4.2 percent after sales fell short of analysts’ estimates. Gap Inc. declined after same-store sales unexpectedly fell. Lorillard Inc. jumped 4.6 percent after Reynolds American Inc. said it’s in talks to buy the cigarette maker.
The Standard & Poor’s 500 Index rose 0.1 percent to 1,967.57 at 4 p.m. in New York after losing 0.3 percent earlier. It fell 0.9 percent this week. The Dow Jones Industrial Average added 28.74 points, or 0.2 percent, to 16,943.81. The Nasdaq 100 Index rose 0.6 percent. About 4.9 billion shares changed hands on U.S. exchanges Friday, 16 percent below the three-month average.
“People are going to keep one eye on earnings and one eye on peripheral debt,” Chad Morganlander, a money manager at St. Louis-based Stifel, Nicolaus & Co., which oversees about $160 billion, said in a phone interview. “Debt concerns may trump earnings in the short-term, but as long as we have solid numbers for this quarter, markets overall should be fine.”
The S&P 500 fell 0.4 percent Thursday as signs of financial stress among Portuguese banks fueled concern over the strength of the European recovery. Portugal’s second-largest lender sought to reassure investors Friday by revealing its exposure to related companies after a missed payment on short- term debt by a member of the group.
The S&P 500 trimmed losses of as much as 1 percent Thursday amid speculation the day’s initial selloff was overdone. The gauge slipped 1.1 percent in the first two days of the week on concern equities had risen too far, too fast.
The S&P 500 ended last week at an all-time high, and the index has not had a drop of 10 percent in more than two years. The gauge trades at a valuation of 18 times reported earnings, the highest since 2010.
More than 140 companies in the S&P 500, including Citigroup Inc., JPMorgan Chase & Co., Goldman Sachs Group Inc. and Johnson & Johnson, will report quarterly results between now and July 23, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
“With the start of earnings season, we’re expecting the U.S. to rebound,” Nick Skiming, who helps manage $10 billion at Ashburton Ltd., said by phone from Jersey, in the Channel Islands. “The U.S. is pretty clearly on the road to recovery. Their GDP, unemployment, and manufacturing figures are all fairly decent. From an economic view, it is the better place to put your money, a natural safe haven.”
The Chicago Board Options Exchange Volatility Index fell 4.1 percent Friday to 12.08. The gauge known as the VIX has surged 17 percent this week, its biggest rally since April. It finished last week at a seven-year low.
Profit at S&P 500 companies probably rose 4.5 percent in the three months through June, while sales gained 3.1 percent, analyst estimates compiled by Bloomberg show. The projections have decreased from the start of April, when analysts predicted a 7.3 percent jump in earnings and a 3.7 percent sales increase.
Earnings for banks are forecast to fall 3.9 percent in the second quarter, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. It’s the only sector expected to see declining profits, the data show.
Wells Fargo dropped 0.6 percent to $51.49. The bank reported quarterly profit of $1.01 per share, in line with estimates. The result ended a 17-quarter streak of rising per- share earnings at the bank.
All but two of the 10 main S&P 500 industries advanced Friday. Phone stocks climbed 0.8 percent to pace gains. Verizon Communications Inc. added 1.4 percent for the biggest jump in the Dow.
Whirpool Corp. increased 1.1 percent to $140.76. The Benton Harbor, Michigan-based company agreed to pay $1 billion for a controlling stake in Italian appliance maker Indesit Co., its largest acquisition since buying former rival Maytag Corp. eight years ago.
EBay rose 2.3 percent and Amazon.com jumped 5.6 percent to pace gains in the Dow Jones Internet Composite Index. The gauge capped its first weekly decline since May 9 as investors resumed selling earlier this week in some of the bull market’s biggest winners.
Sales at EBay grew more than 12 percent in June, data compiled by ChannelAdvisor show. Amazon.com’s sales have exceeded those for EBay by an average of 4 percent over the last four quarters, according to a Piper Jaffray Cos. report.
U.S. Steel Corp. climbed 3.2 percent to $27.64. The Obama administration imposed duties on steel pipe from South Korea and eight other countries in a victory for U.S. Steel Corp. and the United Steelworkers union, which said they were hurt by unfair competition from overseas, according to two people told of the decision.
Energy producers sank 0.8 percent, as crude oil declined for a third week. Chevron Corp. sank 1.4 percent to $128.47 for the biggest decline in the Dow.
Radian Group Inc. declined 5.4 percent to $13.77 and MGIC Investment Corp. plummeted 9.5 percent to $8.36. The two companies are among mortgage insurers that would need to fill a financial gap under new financial-strength rules proposed by the Federal Housing Finance Agency.
Genworth Financial Inc., which dropped 2.6 percent to $16.62, said Thursday that it may need as much as $550 million at its mortgage insurer to meet the standards by June 30, 2015.
Gap dropped 0.8 percent to $40.65. The biggest U.S. apparel-focused retailer said sales at stores open at least a year fell 2 percent in June, compared with a 7 percent gain in the year-earlier period. Retail Metrics Inc., a research firm that tracks the industry, had projected a 0.8 percent gain.
Rent-A-Center Inc. slid 11 percent to $25.88 after saying second-quarter adjusted earnings will be 36 cents to 38 cents a share, missing the average analyst prediction of 48 cents. The operator of rent-to-own electronics and furniture stores cited weaker-than-expected demand.
Fastenal retreated 4.2 percent to $46.15. The provider of industrial and construction supplies reported second-quarter revenue of $949.9 million, missing the average analyst estimate of $952.3 million.
Lorillard gained 4.6 percent to $66.01. The company confirmed the talks with Reynolds, the producer of Camel cigarettes. British American Tobacco Plc, the U.K. company which owns 42 percent of Reynolds, said it expects to support the transaction by subscribing for additional shares to maintain its stake. Reynolds lost 0.8 percent to $61.75.
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