Stocks declined on Monday as worries mounted over Greece's standoff with its creditors and China reported disappointing import and export data.
Major indexes headed lower at the opening of trading, following European markets down. A rebound in crude oil drove energy stocks higher.
"The S&P 500 fell to its 50-day moving average, a significant benchmark for investors, on quiet trading volume," Rob Williams, deputy editor of Moneynews.com, said on "The Steve Malzberg Show" on Newsmax.TV. "If that level holds, it may set the stage for a further advance. We need to see a more definitive resolution to Greece's conflict with its creditors."
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The losses followed a strong jobs report that sent U.S. stocks higher in the morning.
With no major reports on the U.S. economy to hold their attention, investors looked abroad.
"There's still a lot of uncertainty around Greece," said Jack Ablin, chief investment officer at BMO Private Bank. "It's one of these tectonic plates shifting around the financial system."
Greece's new prime minister, Alexis Tsipras, set his government on a collision course with the country's creditors. In a speech on Sunday, Tsipras declared an end to a regimen of budget cuts and tax increases and said he would push for a short-term loan to give the country and its creditors time to negotiate a new arrangement to replace its bailout program. Greece and its international creditors were expected to take up the issue later this week.
For investors, the worry is that if Greece drops the European currency, it could have unpredictable consequences for the wider financial system. One fear is that other countries with much larger economies might follow Greece out the door.
The Standard & Poor's 500 slipped 8.73 points, or 0.4 percent, to close at 2,046.74. Of the 10 sectors in the index, only energy companies finished higher.
The Dow Jones industrial average fell 95.08 points, or 0.5 percent, to 17,729.21, while the Nasdaq composite fell 18.39 points, or 0.4 percent, to 4,726.01.
Hasbro jumped $3.92, or 7 percent, to $59.66 after the toy company turned in stronger quarterly results. Sales of toys geared toward boys surged, led by Transformers, Nerf and Marvel-brand action heroes. Hasbro also raised its dividend and expanded plans to buy back its own shares.
McDonald's reported that a key measure of global sales shrank last month, as sales slumped across the Middle East, Africa and Asia. The world's biggest hamburger chain dropped $1.27, or 1 percent, to $92.72.
This week marks the half-way point for the fourth-quarter earnings season, and the results are shaping up better than Wall Street had expected. Seven out of 10 big companies have turned in higher profits than analysts had forecast, putting overall earnings on track to rise 7 percent for the full quarter, according to S&P Capital IQ.
In other trading on Monday, U.S. crude oil rose $1.17, or 2.3 percent, to close at $52.86 a barrel in New York, while brent crude, the international benchmark, rose 54 cents to $58.34 in London. The gains came as OPEC said that it expects demand for crude to rise this year and U.S. output to fall.
Higher prices for crude oil helped lift stocks in companies tied to the oil industry. Nabors Industries, a driller, and National Oilwell Varco each gained 3 percent.
Major markets in Europe closed lower. France's CAC-40 lost 0.9 percent, and Germany's DAX fell 1.7 percent. Greece's main Athens Exchange lost 4.7 percent.
Interest rates on government bonds in Italy and Spain jumped, though they still remain near historic lows.
In Asia, most major stock markets closed lower following news that China's imports fell nearly 20 percent over a year earlier. Exports were also weak, heightening concerns about the world's second-largest economy.
Hong Kong's Hang Seng fell 0.6 percent while South Korea's Kospi slipped 0.4 percent. Japan's Nikkei 225 added 0.4 percent.
Back in the U.S., prices for government bonds edged up, pushing long-term interest rates down. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note slipped to 1.95 percent.
In the commodity markets, gold gained $6.90 to settle at $1,241.50 an ounce, while silver rose 38 cents to $17.07 an ounce. Copper lost half a penny to $2.85 a pound.
In other trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange:
— Wholesale gasoline rose 1.9 cents to close at $1.578 a gallon.
— Heating oil rose 3.4 cents to close at $1.873 a gallon.
— Natural gas rose 1.8 cents to close at $2.597 per 1,000 cubic feet.
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