Tags: survival | prep | strategies | safe | drinking | water

Survival Prep: 3 Strategies for Safe Drinking Water

By    |   Wednesday, 11 October 2017 12:43 PM

With a large portion of the United States experiencing abnormally dry and extreme drought conditions, it’s important to make sure you have safe drinking water should the situation get worse.

Water is essential for life and, according to the Koshland Science Museum, every person needs 20 to 50 liters a day for cooking, cleaning, and drinking.

While water may be available from a number of sources, it may not always be clean and safe to drink.

Here are a couple of ways you can make sure you have access to potable water in the event of an emergency:

1. Water storage strategies — If you still have access to clean water, you should start storing it for when you don’t. One option is to buy and store large quantities of bottled water that’s already been treated but, according to Super Prepper, you could also simply store tap water.

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The site suggests that you first ensure your tap water is safe to drink before storing it in a variety of different sized containers from milk jugs to family-sized tanks. Whatever containers you choose, it’s important to make sure they are certified as “food grade,” as some plastics contain harmful chemicals that could affect your water.

National Geographic magazine suggests having at least one 55-gallon drum on hand to use until you can find alternative sources. It also recommends changing the water every three months to make sure it stays fresh.

The Organic Prepper warns that you’re going to need a lot more water than you think. You’ll need to have at least one gallon per person per day as drinking water, but you’ll also need to account for pets, bathing, and cleaning.

2. Water purification strategies — The most obvious way to purify water is to boil it but, according to Gray Wolf Survival, normal boiling may not be enough.

Normal boiling temperatures will kill most pathogens, but others like botulism will only die off at 212 degrees Fahrenheit. The site says you should also be boiling the water for at least 30 minutes, but it warns this process won’t get rid of heavy metal pollutants.

Another option, according to The Prepper Journal, is bleach, but because the liquid is unstable, it only has a shelf life of one year.

A better alternative perhaps is calcium hypochlorite, otherwise known as pool shock, which can be stored for up to 10 years.

Gray Wolf Survival adds that you should choose a brand with the highest calcium hypochlorite possible. Many brands of pool shock add extra ingredients as stabilizers, algaecides, and bacterostatsm, but these are harmful for humans.

Calcium hypochlorite is a hazardous chemical and should be handled with care and stored in a well-ventilated area. Happy Preppers also suggests investing in water treatment tablets or drops of a lightweight water purifier like the Lifestraw.

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3. Know where to harvest clean water — If you’re in a house or a built-up area, your first two sources of clean water will be your hot water tank or a fire hydrant.

According to Happy Prepper, you simply need to make sure there isn’t any contaminated water flowing into the tank, turn off the heat, and let it cool down.

People who live close to ponds or lakes may consider it to be a water source, but Ask a Prepper points out that depending on the disaster situation, this water may not be safe to drink.

Instead, National Geographic suggests placing tanks on your roof to harvest rain water, which is usually safe to drink.

Some more desperate measures suggested by WonderHowTo include dragging a clean towel over morning dew and wringing out the moisture. You could also cover tree branches with plastic bags to catch water as it condensates.

If you live near a coastline, another option is desalination. Prepper Dome outlines a simple method using just a camping pan:

Fill your pan or pot about halfway with salt water before covering the top with a cone made from aluminum foil. Place a tube into the top of the cone and let it run to a catch basin or bottle. Now place the pot or pan over heat and as it starts to simmer, it will evaporate. The steam that runs through the tube will condensate, leaving you with water that’s safe to drink.

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With a large portion of the United States experiencing abnormally dry and extreme drought conditions, it’s important to make sure you have safe drinking water should the situation get worse.
survival, prep, strategies, safe, drinking, water
Wednesday, 11 October 2017 12:43 PM
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